15 Fun Facts About Iceland

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The Land of Fire and Ice was full of surprises of all sorts.

While definitely European/Scandinavian in nature, the country of Iceland is unique in so many ways that I felt its quirkiness deserved an entire post of its own. From elves and trolls to glaciers and volcanoes, here are 15 fun facts about Iceland that make it the incredibly cool country that it is.

Reykjavik, Iceland

Behind Seljalandsfoss waterfall in Iceland

Fun Facts About Iceland

1. Viking Ties

Iceland was settled by Vikings from Norway sometime in the 800s. This fact makes Iceland a fairly “young” country when it comes to settlement, and also contributes to its distinct cultural background. The Icelandic horses in the country today are unique in the fact that they are direct descendants from the horses the Vikings first brought over from mainland Europe.

RELATED: The Horses of Iceland

2. First Parliament

Iceland is home to the very first parliament grounds in Europe. In the year 930 AD, the first Parliament met in Iceland in what is today Þingvellir National Park. The site has since been dubbed a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its cultural, historical, and geographical significance.

3. Tectonic Plates

The “geographical significance” part of Þingvellir being dubbed a UNESCO site is due to the fact that this is one of only TWO places in the entire world where you can see two of the earth's tectonic plates meeting above the earth's surface (the other is in Africa). The North American and Eurasian plates jut up out of the ground here in Þingvellir, moving apart roughly 2 cm per year. You can even go diving/snorkeling between the plates in nearby Þingvallavatn lake.

Tectonic plates in Iceland

Tectonic plates in in Þingvellir National Park

RELATED: Iceland's Golden Circle

4. Volcanoes

Because it's located on the Mid-Atlantic ridge, Iceland is an incredibly active country geologically. There are more than 125 volcanic mountains in the country, a handful of which are still very active, and another handful that could easily awaken and become active as the country changes and grows. Iceland experiences a volcanic eruption roughly once every 4 years, though the past few years have seen one eruption or more each year (we all remember Eyjafjallajokull, right?). Because of this constant activity, a good portion of Iceland is covered in lava fields.

5. Glaciers

Surprisingly, another large section of Iceland is covered in glaciers. Glaciers are responsible for carving out everything in Iceland that hasn't been shaped by magma and earthquakes, making for a landscape more unique than any other country I've visited.

Mýrdalsjökull glacier in Iceland

RELATED: Chasing Ice and Battling Mother Nature in Iceland

6. No Forests

Iceland was formed by some pretty harsh phenomena: volcanoes and glaciers. Much of the country was carved out by slow-moving glaciers, chewing up the land and gouging deep valleys into it. But, contrary to popular belief, trees DO grow in Iceland. However, when the Vikings arrived, they forested the crap out of it, cutting down almost all the native tress in the country. Today, reforestation is being attempted, but you'll still definitely notice the lack of forests when you visit.

7. Eco-Friendly

Iceland is perhaps the most eco-friendly country I know of. And the kicker is, they don't even have to try very hard. Because the whole country is essentially “alive” with volcanic activity, the nation harnesses hydro and geothermal energy to power more than 80% of the country. Very few fossil fuels are burned here (there are even some hydrogen buses driving around Reykjavik!), and most homes are heated using geothermal water that's pumped up from beneath cities and towns.

Hraunfossar in Iceland

They harness the power of rivers like this one near Hraunfossar Waterfall.

RELATED: Relaxing at Iceland's Blue Lagoon

8. Preserved Language

While very close to Danish and Norwegian, the Icelandic language remains totally unique. Words with far too many consonants abound, and syllables seem to just blur together. Unlike other languages that have changed drastically over the centuries, Icelandic remains very close to its original roots. A Bible from the early 1500s (the first one printed in Icelandic, which can be found in a folk museum in Skógar) can still easily be read by Icelanders today.

9. Elves and Trolls

The majority of present-day Icelanders (more than 50%, I was told) believe in the existence of fantastical beings such as elves and trolls. There are many amusing stories and legends about these creatures (which I'll tell you all about in an upcoming post), and Icelanders go so far as to postpone construction projects if it's believed that something is going to be built where elves currently live. Large fallen rocks in fields are said to be frozen trolls, and one guide told us that the smell present in Iceland isn't from sulphur at all — it's the smell of the trolls' dirty bath water.

Reynisfjara beach in Iceland

Are those just rocks out in the sea, or frozen trolls?

10. No McDonalds

As astonishing as it sounds, Iceland is the only country I have ever been to where McDonalds restaurants do not exist! Yes, you can find KFC and even Taco Bell in Reykjavik, but forget about picking up a Big Mac or some Chicken McNuggets — you won't find them here! I found this fun fact very refreshing.

11. Weird Foods

Iceland makes up for its lack of fast food with its bevy of downright weird traditional foods. Along with things like whale, puffin, and dried fish, visitors can also try fermented shark, sheep's head, and even pickled ram's testicles. The even weirder part is that some of these dishes can be found in just about ANY kind of restaurant in Iceland (including a Mexican place that advertised “traditional Icelandic dishes”).

Oh, and the most popular food in Iceland? Hot dogs.

Minke Whale

Minke Whale

12. Commercial Whaling

Fishing is Iceland's main industry, and the nation remains one of just a few in the world that still allows commercial whaling. This, of course, is quite controversial, and has caused tension between the peaceful country and other nations.

13. Small Population

The entire country of Iceland (which covers roughly the same area as the U.S. state of Kentucky) only holds a population of a little over 300,000 (as opposed to Kentucky, which has a population of more than 4.3 million). This small population makes for a largely rural country, and a capital city which feels like a really big small town.

14. Very little crime

There is little crime in Iceland, and virtually no violent crime. The country does not have a standing army, and its police officers do not carry guns.

View from Hallgrimskirkja in Reykjavik, Iceland

15. Northern Lights and Midnight Sun

Being located very close to the Arctic Circle, Iceland experiences long winter nights and long summer days, with almost 24 hours of darkness/twilight in December and nearly 24 hours of daylight in June. Because of this, Iceland is a great place to see both the Northern Lights and experience the Midnight Sun. Though, both of these can be made difficult to see thanks to Iceland's ever-changing weather.

Practical info

Thinking of planning your own trip to Iceland? Here are a few tips:

How to get there: Iceland is just a 4-hour flight from the East Coast of the US, or about 3 hours from the UK. There are multiple airlines that fly there, with Iceland Air and WOW being two of the most popular (and often the most affordable).

Where to stay: Reykjavik is a great base, especially in the winter months since most tours start and end there. I recommend the Rey Apartments for both location and coziness (plus, having a small kitchen helps cut down on food costs!).

Book your accommodation in Iceland:


What to pack: Essentials include silk leggings and a thermal shirt, warm socks like Heat Holders, a waterproof outer layer (I like my Columbia ski pants), and some winter hiking boots. (And I recommend most of these no matter what season you're visiting!)

Check out my complete Iceland packing list for more suggestions!

Read more about Iceland:

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  • Simon says:

    Iceland has been on my dream list for such a long time. I’m attracted by the nature, its wilderness, its traditions. The only thing that really disturbs me is commercial whaling. How can this possibly still happen? I know that the climate is very hard but nowadays there’s no need too hunt whales for eating (and who knows what else they do with them…).

    As you wrote, commercial whaling is a controversial matter. This doesn’t mean that I won’t go to Iceland if I have the chance, but for sure I won’t taste at whale meat 🙂

    • DangerousBiz says:

      It had been on my list for a couple of years, too, and I’m really happy that I finally got the chance to go! I had such a great time.

      The commercial whaling issue is both troubling and interesting. They did a feasibility study a couple years ago, and now have quotas on the number of whales that can be caught each year. And they mostly fish for minke whales, which are not endangered. But yeah, still definitely controversial. I feel like it’s just such a part of their culture that they just find it normal to continue.

    • Ragnar says:

      “and who knows what else they do with them” … what do you think REALLY think we also do with them ?

    • Thru says:

      Whaling in Iceland is absolutely minimal. What surprises me is how much focus there is on Iceland killing a single dozen of whales per year, while mainland European countries are literally cleaning up all the cod out of the Atlantic? At least there’s a good reason to eat whale, first of all, it’s so full of omega fatty acids and plus it’s absolutely delicious!

    • ongly few whales are cauth, but in the old days sometimes a whale did die and did stranded on the beach , sometimes people did cut off a meat and eat it if the meet was fresh ,,but if it happend to day the moby are let to rot , one whale are now in museum in Húsavík

  • EurotripTips says:

    Super interesting post! I really want to visit Iceland one day and I learned a bunch of things here 😉 Looks like you had a nice trip!

  • Gaelyn says:

    The best news is no McDonalds. The geology sounds most interesting. And the food enticingly different. Sure look forward to more. I suppose you are back already.

    • DangerousBiz says:

      I LOVED that there was no McDonald’s there. Apparently the franchise has been trying for years, but Iceland just isn’t interested!

      I am indeed back already, but I have a ton of Iceland content coming up, so stay tuned to learn a lot more about this very cool country.

      • Syssa Einars says:

        I’m afraid I’m gonna have to burst your No-McDonalds bubble. We had several McDonalds restaurants in Iceland for many years and Icelanders not wanting them here is not the reason they’re gone. Apparently, McDonalds has this rule about the meat products all being from them, perhaps even vegetables and bread also. With the banks collapsing in 2008, one of the side affects was the falling of the Icelandic currency, making import insanely expensive. I believe the Icelandic company, running McDonalds here, tried to get an exception from this rule, because we have excellent sources of meat, corn and vegetables in Iceland, but it wasn’t granted. Their only other option was to shut McDonalds down, which they did, but instead they opened a new place called Metro. Run by the same owners at the same locations, driven by the same business model, even has a large M in it’s logo and the same sterile service as all those American fast food chains.

        • DangerousBiz says:

          Shhh, don’t burst my bubble! Lol. It’s much nicer to think that Iceland just didn’t want any McDonalds’. 😉

          • Sigrún Ólöf Sigurðardóttir Nemandi FSu says:

            Not all of ours no mountains are flat on the top , and our food is not weird , if Icelandairs had not eat all the sheep we had not live here for centurys , people had bad houses so they eat everithing they could , about 100 years was people still living in turvhouses with non convenience , but not all , the changing had started , I still have heard about people that had grown up in that kind of houses, je we eat sheep heads and its very good , my mother is from Germany and she love to come to me and my housband to hafe lambhead for dinner, THE shark and dryed fish is jummy ,,,

  • Dean says:

    I knew quite a few of these facts but I had no idea that 50% of Icelanders believe in elves and trolls. How interesting. And no McDonalds? Awesome!

    • DangerousBiz says:

      I was blown away by the elves/trolls thing, too. Definitely planning to write about it soon. The number could possibly be even higher!

  • Leah Travels says:

    I learned so much from this post and your photos made me want to visit even more. I know you must have the best time. Can’t wait to read more.

  • No mountains, only valleys?…Definitely an interesting fact…

  • Jennifer says:

    Iceland had one McDonald’s but it went out of business several years ago.

  • Ruth says:

    I don’t know which of these facts is more interesting. No wonder the landscape is so different from what we are used to see. The weird foods fact caught my eye since my husband is always trying to get his hands (or mouth) on different kinds of animals. Which ones you tried?

    • DangerousBiz says:

      I was not brave enough to try the fermented shark, but I did try whale and puffin and plenty of seafood. (I have a post planned about it in the near future, so stay tuned!)

  • Lauren says:

    Ok, your photos are amazing. I’ve been wanting to visit Iceland for years and now I’m even more desperate to go! I especially like the bit about the elves and trolls.

    Although, the no McDonald’s might be a bit of an issue for me… 😉

    • DangerousBiz says:

      But just think how many weird food adventures you could have, Lauren!! 😉

      And stay tuned, because I have a TON of photos left to share!

  • Jeff says:

    I once read in a very old issue of Reader’s Digest that heating is very cheap in Iceland. This is because of the volcanoes which heats the water in the place.

    On another note, I wonder what will happen if all languages were as unchanged as Icelandic. Perhaps we can even chat with the likes of Shakespeare, right?

    • DangerousBiz says:

      Yup, most people’s electric bills are less that $30 per month in the winter, I was told, because the heating is all done by geothermal water, which is super cheap! I wish we had volcanoes in Ohio… lol.

  • Sabrina says:

    Sounds like an amazing place! I love that so many people believe in trolls and elves. I bet there are some amazuing stories out there. And no McDonald’s? How weird! Not that would neccessarily miss it, but I do wonder why since there are the other big fast food chains…

    • DangerousBiz says:

      I love the trolls and elves, too. I feel like it just makes the place seem even MORE unpretentious. I want to go back already!

  • Juliann says:

    Fasntastic pictures and info. This was already on my list of “must-see” places, but now I feel like I need to really plan the trip. Can’t wait to read more!

  • Okay, I TOTALLY want to live in a country where the majority of the population believes in elves!! And with landscapes like that, it would be like living in a Tolkien novel!

  • And has anyone told you the Icelandic joke yet?

    Q: ‘What should you do when you’re lost in a forest in Iceland?’

    A: ‘Stand up.’

    I heard it from three different people and laughed politely every time.

  • Did you take these pics? They are phenomenal. Especially the last one wow!!!!!!!!

  • I’m in the middle of planning my trip to Iceland in June and found this in my inbox!! I’m only going for a week and my primary goal is to take loads of photos for my website. I’m trying to figure out how to do this, and the few activities I want to do (snorkeling the rift, the phallic museum etc.) without dying of exhaustion.

    And on the McDonalds point. I live in Bermuda and you won’t find any here either!! There’s no franchises allowed here so you won’t find any of them. Except one KFC (they got in before the law was made).

    • DangerousBiz says:

      Well Iceland is a fantastic place to take tons of great photos! Will you be able to rent a car while you’re there? That would probably be the best way to see the most in the summer (because there is certainly A LOT to see!). But if you won’t have a car, there are tons of companies that offer full-day tours to all different parts of the country from Reykjavik. That’s how I saw everything!

    • Sarah says:

      I did diving in the Silfra… it was absolutely amazing!!! The water was soooo clear. Definitely do the snorkelling 🙂

      • DangerousBiz says:

        I don’t regret not doing it on this trip since I fully intend to go back to Iceland someday, but it’s definitely something that will be on my “must do” list for next time!

  • Maria D. says:

    No McDonalds! Awesome, haha

  • Wow, no Mc Donalds. Hahaha.

  • Cherina says:

    Great to hear you had such a great time in Iceland! I am looking forward to reading about your trip and hearing any recommendations you have. I’m dying to know whether you saw the northern lights? I think I am going to be a bit late for them by the time I get there at the beginning of May.

    • DangerousBiz says:

      I have tons of Iceland posts coming up over the next few weeks, so definitely check back every few days!

      Sadly, no, I did not get to see the northern lights. 🙁 But that’s just an excuse to go back, right??

  • Helen says:

    McDonald’s went out of business in Iceland like 2 years ago. They were popular but they required them to ship everything in from Germany, instead of locally, and it was too expensive. They also had Burger King at one time, but they went belly up too. Here is another fun fact, they have the most profitable Domino’s chain in the world, and eat more pizza per capita then any other country. Most people don’t truly believe in elves and trolls, it is more of tradition. My husband is Icelandic and I have been there a few times. 🙂

  • Gosi says:

    I’m from iceland and mcdonalds had been here for a long time and made a lot of money and had 3-5 outposts here but the guy who owned the rights invested in the wrong companys and went broke but now his girlfriend owns one of the places and it’s called metro and is alot like mcdonalds!

    But I think people should stop freaking out over the whailing since the whale population around iceland is rising and we are not killing that many of them the nation that actually kills the most whales is usa and we dont complain about that we hunt whales for food (somebody wonderd what else we do with them, dont know what he means but we did send keiko to the usa who went on to star in free willy, no need to thank us) and our hunting of whales is sustainable! Ok they are beutiful animals and very majestic but so are bulls (male cows) and they are sacred in india but the people that hate whaling dont say much about geneticaly mutated cows and chickens! That’s worse from my point of view

    Just look at how sheeps and cows are raised in iceland walking around in open nature and cared for with almost complete freedome! That’s why our food is so damn good and when you see this then you can say we are cruel to animals! 🙂 and yeah I know some whalers they respect the whales and are more like the old native americans! It’s not a whaling blood bath like some would like you to think

    • DangerousBiz says:

      Thanks for sharing such unique insight, Gosi!! Interesting about the McDonald’s… I actually love that you don’t have any there!

      I had no idea that Free Willy came from Iceland! That’s awesome. 😉

    • Raya says:

      I agree with you on almost everything, but the USA doesn’t actually kill the most whales. It is actually Japan.

  • Ayngelina says:

    Iceland used to have a McDonalds but then lost it because (I think) the price of ingredients was just too much, it would have made it very expensive so finally they closed a few years ago.

    I’m sure they are better off.

  • One of the top 5 most photogenic countries in the world per head of population…true story.

  • Vicky says:

    Ah, love it! Can’t wait to visit Iceland – another one on the list for next year for sure. Thanks for all the great tips.

  • David Rogers says:

    i plan to go there one day. i live in florida and own a lawn service. with all those gorgeous girls there i may not want to come back. i think america is losing out and is becoming 3rd world. i see on the news kids in school with no food or home im so sick of it here. but…how will i import my dodge ram hemi 4×4 to iceland?

    • DangerousBiz says:

      Sure you (and Wikipedia) can call them mountains. But Iceland was actually shaped by glaciers! So, technically, there are only valleys and then the higher land that wasn’t scraped away by the ice (the “mountains”).

  • Erik says:

    I have a four day stopover on my way to Europe in April. I can’t wait!

    • DangerousBiz says:

      Whoohoo! I hope you love it! I’m actually considering a stopover myself on my way to Europe this summer… we’ll see, though!

  • Thru says:

    The fact about the mountains isn’t really true… All mountains are volcanic, but there are two types of them; First, the ones that form as volcanic eruptions under glaciers but don’t manage to break their way through the ice, then the glacier eventually melts and after stands a mountain with near vertical slopes and a flat top due to the movement of the glacier. Sure, the glacier helps giving the mountain it’s shape, and it might even possibly eventually divide one mass of a mountain into two mountains, creating a fjord, but they are still mountains. The mountain was there but couldn’t be seen until the glacier was gone. The second type of mountains are the ones created by eruption after the Ice age glacier cap had melted, usually erupting on fissures, hence sometimes creating valleys , as the volcanoes are often parallel to each other, erupting on a wide area of fissures that cross the entire island due to the Mid Atlantic Ridge. Mountains can be created by a) Clash of the tectonic plates (like Alps, Himalayas, Andes) or b) Volcanic activity… just saying… :-þ

  • Cristina says:

    Hi! I just returned from a photography workshop in Iceland! I was astounded by this country. I’ve started a new website and my first blog post will be about Iceland! I enjoyed reading these fun facts and the photos you took! Great job!

  • The NO MOUNTAINS fact really changed my perspective on what I’ve always imagined Iceland to be. I’ve always thought it’s full of mountains! Also, a slightly non travel-related Iceland fact, but am I the only one who thinks that they have one of the quirkiest (but awesome) music ever? Bjork, Sigur Ros, Emiliana Torrini, Mum, Of Monsters and Men. Must be those elves and trolls!

    • DangerousBiz says:

      Well, to be fair, it does LOOK like there are quite a few mountains in the country. But, according to guides I had, Iceland was carved out by glaciers, so really the “mountains” are just what was left over after the glaciers moved through. There are tectonic plates beneath Iceland, but they are moving away from each other.

    • I can tell you a mountains are not like the Himalaias ,,the highes is volcano about 2,5 km ,,,I think is funny to write that called a valley ..

  • Kathy says:

    We just returned from Iceland and our 5 day stay was too brief! I loved all your comments and fun facts about Iceland. We learned most of this while on our trip, but your posting helped us remember it (you learn so much, so quickly there, that you have a tendency not to recall all of it until needed)

  • I am not worrying of McDonalds, I am just wondering does the land grow any crops as most of the lands are covered with Lava.

    I ain’t believe in Fairy Tales. But the Elves and Trolls thing sounds fascinating to me. Wish to visit the place once (at least) in life.

  • Ahmed says:

    I’m planning to add Iceland to my bucket list right now.

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