What You’ll See in Iceland’s Golden Circle

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The Golden Circle.

The bread and butter of tourism in Iceland.

This popular 300 km loop from Reykjavik into central Iceland is the single most popular tour people take in the country.

Iceland landscape

The route typically takes groups to Þingvellir National Park, Gullfoss waterfall, and the geothermally active valley of Haukadalur. Some tours also include stops at the Kerið volcano crater, Skálholt church, or even the Langjökull glacier if you package the Golden Circle with winter activities like snowmobiling.

Here's a look at the popular sites you're likely to see on a tour of Iceland's Golden Circle.

Things you'll see in Iceland's Golden Circle

Þingvellir National Park

The first stop most people will make in the Golden Circle is Þingvellir National Park (Thingvellir)on the shore of Þingvallavatn lake. This site is important to Iceland for a few reasons.

Firstly, Þingvellir is the site of Europe's oldest Parliament. In the year 930 AD (less than 100 years after the Vikings settled Iceland), Icelanders held their very first meeting of Parliament, or Alþingi (Althing), in Þingvellir. Partly for this reason, Þingvellir was named Iceland's first national park around 1930.

Thingvellir National Park in Iceland
Thingvellir in winter

But the coolest thing about Þingvellir (in my opinion, at least), is that it sits in a rift valley on the Mid-Atlantic ridge, and is one of only two places in the world where you can see two of the earth's tectonic plates above the ground.

Here, the North American and Eurasian plates are moving apart from each other at a steady pace of about 2 cm per year. This constant movement only adds to Iceland's very “active” nature geologically.

North American tectonic plate in Þingvellir
Walking along the North American plate in summer

Along with oogling the tectonic plates, another popular activity here is SCUBA diving or snorkleing in Þingvallavatn lake, which is Iceland's largest natural lake. At Silfra fissure, you can actually swim in between the two tectonic plates in some of the clearest water you will find anywhere in the world.

The water comes from nearby glaciers, and therefore is very clean — and very cold — year-round.

Tectonic plates in Iceland

Gullfoss

After Þingvellir, you'll probably head to Gullfoss waterfall (“Golden Falls”), one of the most well-known waterfalls in Iceland. This double waterfall, with its blue-green water and multiple viewpoints, is impressive — much more impressive in person that I expected it to be.

There's a viewpoint to visit above the falls, along with a track that leads you down closer to the roaring water.

Gullfoss waterfall in Iceland
Gulfoss in summer

Even if you're visiting in winter, this waterfall is impressive – just make sure to pack your warm layers!

Gullfoss in Iceland
Gullfoss in winter

Haukadalur

From Gullfoss, it's on to Haukadalur geothermal valley, which is home to the geysers Geysir and Strokkur.

Geyser in Iceland

It's actually here that the term “geyser” was born. Upon seeing these erupting pools of hot water for the first time, Europeans had no word to describe them (they had yet to see them in Yellowstone or New Zealand yet). They asked the Icelanders what they were called — and hence some form of “geyser” began to be used around the world.

Haukadalur geothermal area

Geysir actually comes from the Old Norse word “geysa,” which means “to gush.” Geysir, therefore, is often referred to as the “daddy” geyser. He used to erupt quite regularly, but has quieted down quite a bit in his old age.

These days, the show is put on by Strokkur, which erupts roughly once every 4-7 minutes.

Strokkur geyser in Iceland
Strokkur geyser erupting

Obviously, when I was there I stuck around to see at least 3 eruptions.

Kerið Volcanic Crater

Another place you might stop is at Kerið, an impressive volcanic crater lake. Not all Golden Circle tours include a stop at this site, but some will.

The crater is actually the intact caldera of a volcano that erupted about 3,000 years ago and has since filled with ground water. Its rare for a caldera to be so well-preserved after an eruption, but scientists think that Kerið was actually a cone volcano that emptied its magma, and that the cone then collapsed inward (instead of exploding outward).

Volcanic crater in Iceland

The red volcanic dirt and rock here makes you feel like you're on Mars, and the fact that the lake was frozen when I visited was an added bonus.

Book your Golden Circle tour here!

Combining the Golden Circle with other tours

Many Golden Circle tours in Iceland will be combined with another activity, like a soak at the Blue Lagoon, snorkeling at Silfra, or even snowmobiling.

The tour I did on my first visit to Iceland was the “Pearl Tour” offered by Mountaineers of Iceland, which is conducted in a super jeep with massive tires and included snowmobiling on the Langjökull glacier.

Iceland
Super jeeps are cool!

Snowmobiling is not my favorite winter activity, but there's no denying that snowmobiling on top of an ancient slab of ice was pretty darn cool.

Snowmobiling in Iceland

Check out these other Golden Circle combo tours:

On my most recent trip to Iceland, I actually did a half-day Golden Circle tour which took place in the afternoon/evening. It still allowed plenty of time to enjoy each attraction.

Which of these sites would YOU be most excited to see in person?

 

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Highlights of the Golden Circle in Iceland

 

*Note: I received a discount on the tour I did on my first visit to Iceland. But, as always, all opinions are my own.

 

"It's a dangerous business, going out your door. You step onto the road, and, if you don't keep your feet, there's no telling where you might get swept off to." - JRR Tolkien

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48 Comments on “What You’ll See in Iceland’s Golden Circle

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  1. I leave in two days for my solo trip to Iceland, and I’m so excited! Blue Lagoon and Golden Circle already scheduled, with time for other fun. Can I use my debit MasterCard there, or exchange cash?

      You’ll have so much fun! This is a great time to visit, too – but pack for any kind of weather! Credit cards are widely accepted in Iceland, but it wouldn’t hurt to exchange a little bit of cash if you’re planning to visit any smaller towns.

    Hi! Really enjoyed this post! We are going to Iceland in 3 weeks and really want to book this tour. How can we get a similar discount to what you received from Icelandishot.com?
    Did you book it on the web or was this done in person while in Iceland? Thank you!

      Hi Yareny. The discount was in exchange for writing about the tour on my blog, so unfortunately I don’t think there’s a way for you to get the same discount.

    The golden circle is for sure worth 10 star.
    Try to go over summer time also.

    This looks stunning! I’d love to go snowmobiling there!

    Gorgeous! A friend just recommended your site to me as Im heading to Iceland this September, and am loving reading about your experiences there. Thanks for sharing!

      Awesome! Iceland is such a cool country. If you have any specific questions that I might be able to help you with, please don’t hesitate to ask!

    Wow, Iceland is insanely beautiful. But I do not think I would be swimming in any lake, no matter how clean, in those cold waters.

      Haha, I’m with you on that one! Though, if you do go snorkeling/diving at Silfa, they give you wetsuits/drysuits to keep you warm. However, one girl went snorkeling and said water somehow came through her drysuit and got her feet all wet, so they must not work 100% of the time! Brrr.

    Spellbound! Such a fantastic view, such natural beauty.

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