Tromso vs. Alta: Exploring Norway’s Arctic North in Winter

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You may say that you don't like the cold. You may say that you can't imagine visiting a part of the world that literally doesn't see the sun for months at a time.

But before you say you wouldn't visit Northern Norway in the winter months, read this post. Because Norway's Arctic North is actually a GREAT place to visit when the temperatures fall.

Alta, Northern Norway
Pretty winter scenes in Northern Norwway

I spent a week one winter in Northern Norway, split between Tromsø (the “Gateway to the Arctic”) and Alta (the “Town of the Northern Lights”). I spent a lot of my time outdoors – and often at night – and can say with certainty that it was one of the best winter trips I've ever taken.

You definitely should go to Northern Norway in winter. But I realize that most people aren't looking to experience everything twice in two different places – they want one destination where they can find it all.

Which begs the question: Tromsø or Alta?

The two Arctic towns are similar in some ways, but very different in others. Hopefully this comparison will help you decide which Northern Norway town is right for you for your next winter getaway.

Landscape in Northern Norway

Alta: Town of the Northern Lights

My first stop in Northern Norway was in the tiny town of Alta, located in Norway's Finnmark county more than 230 miles (375 kilometers) north of the Arctic Circle. The fjord town has a population of just under 15,000, and yet is actually known for quite a few things.

For example, Alta is the starting point for the annual Finnmarksløpet, the longest sled dog race in Europe. It is also known for its slate production, and some ancient rock carvings that are recognized by UNESCO.

Frozen waterfall in Northern Norway
(Of course, not many rocks are visible in Alta in the winter.)

And, of course, Alta is known for its Northern Lights.

Due to its location on the inner part of the Altafjorden and the fact that Norway's coast gets a taste of the Gulf Stream, Alta doesn't actually get bitterly cold during the winter months. Add to this a fairly low level of annual precipitation, and you get some great aurora conditions.

This is probably why the world's first observatory dedicated to studying the Northern Lights was built in Alta in 1899 (and also where Alta got its nickname as the “Town of the Northern Lights”).

What to see in Alta

Alta may be quite small, but that doesn't mean there aren't things to see. My top picks include:

1. The Northern Lights Cathedral

You can't possibly miss this huge modern church in the center of town (it's the top image in this post). Finished in 2013, the cathedral is supposed to represent the falling sheets of the Northern Lights. It's cool to look at outside, and the inside is also worth taking a peek at.

Inside the Northern Lights Church
Inside the Northern Lights Cathedral

2. Alta Museum

Want to learn more about that World Heritage rock art that I mentioned? Then a visit to Alta Museum is a must. You probably won't be able to see the actual art during the winter months (it will be under a couple feet of snow), but you can still see all the exhibits inside.

3. Sorrisniva Igloo Hotel

Every winter, an entire hotel is built in Alta using only ice and snow. You CAN stay overnight here, though I also think a visit to see the various rooms and ice sculptures is probably enough for most people. (If you're interested in staying, though, you can book a room here.)

Sorrisniva Igloo Hotel in Alta, Norway
Inside the Sorrisniva Igloo Hotel (2016)

Things to do in Alta

And what about all those outdoor activities? Here are the must-dos in Alta:

1. Snowmobile safari

I personally don't love snowmobiles (they kind of terrify me), but if you enjoy them, you'll definitely want to book a snowmobiling trip into the wilds of Finnmark.

2. Snowshoeing / ice fishing

My friend Marie and I did a snowshoeing and ice fishing trip with GLØD Explorer. I like snowshoeing but wasn't all too excited about ice fishing. But guess what? It ended up being really cool! We snowshoed to a quiet lake surrounded by snowy mountains, drilled holes, and sat down on reindeer hides with teeny tiny fishing rods to try and catch lunch.

We caught nothing, of course, but still had a delicious fire-roasted lunch of fish and veggies. This is a great half-day outing, even suitable for kids.

Ice fishing in Alta, Norway
Having a lot more fun ice fishing than I expected to!

3. Stay overnight at the Holmen Husky Lodge

One of my favorite things we did in Alta was stay overnight at the Holmen Husky Lodge in cozy modernized lavvu (traditional Sami tents). This included a nighttime dogsled ride through the forest, a delicious dinner, and the the lavvu glamping. We even saw the Northern Lights! Read about the entire experience here.

Holmen Husky Lodge in Alta, Norway
Lavvu at the Holmen Husky Lodge

4. Northern Lights chasing

And, of course, you wouldn't visit the Town of the Northern Lights without trying to see the elusive aurora! I went chasing with Paeskatun, and even though the “show” we saw was quite weak (darn you, fickle scientific phenomena!), it was still a fun and exciting night up in the mountains above Alta.

Northern Lights at Paeskatun
Northern Lights at Paeskatun

RELATED: 9 Lies (and One Truth) People Tell You About Seeing the Northern Lights

The pros of visiting Alta

Alta is for you if you want a more intimate experience in Northern Norway. You'll find less tourists overall and smaller tour groups (the exception being on days when a cruise ship is in port in Alta), and some incredibly passionate and friendly tour guides.

The mild winter weather is also a huge plus – if you were to go do the same things in neighboring Finnish Lapland, it would be a LOT colder (thanks Gulf Stream!).

It looks cold, but actually wasn't too bad!

The cons of visiting Alta

Being a smaller settlement does, of course, have its drawbacks. There are fewer options when it comes to tours in Alta, and it can be tricky to book certain things if you hit a day when a cruise ship is in town (though this is not a frequent occurrence in Alta).

And there's less choice when it comes to hotels and restaurants, too. In fact, we ate at our hotel's pizza restaurant two days in a row because hardly anything else was open on a Sunday night!

Alta, Norway
“Downtown” Alta on a Sunday morning

Where to stay in Alta

There aren't *that* many hotels to choose from in Alta, but the top two I would suggest are:

Thon Hotel Alta – Located in central Alta, the Thon is a good choice both budget-wise and because Peppes Pizza Restaurant downstairs is open even on Sunday nights.  😉   The rooms include free wifi, and some even overlook the Northern Lights Cathedral. (Read reviews | Book here)

Scandic Alta – Located just around the corner from Thon, Scandic Alta would be my second pick. It also has an in-house restaurant (though it's a little more upscale than Peppes), and many of the tours you book around Alta will offer free pickup from here. (Read reviews | Book here)

Tromsø: Gateway to the Arctic

Tromsø, found south of Alta along Norway's fjord-filled coast, is the largest town in Northern Norway with a population of just over 70,000. I know it's difficult to think of 70,000 people as “big,” but after visiting Alta it sure does seem that way!

Tromsø, Norway
Tromsø looking magical in winter

Tromsø is one of the more popular Norwegian cities for people to visit in the winter, mostly because it's fairly easy to reach via budget flights from tons of large European cities.

And Tromsø IS a very cool (and very visually pretty) town.

What to see in Tromsø

The top sights in Tromsø (apart from just wandering around town) are:

1. Arctic Cathedral

The white church (officially Tromsdalen Church) across the sound from the main part of Tromsø is easily the city's most famous landmark. You'll find it on postcards and in guidebooks, and it's worth crossing the big sloping bridge to go and see it up close.

Tromsø, Norway
The Arctic Cathedral across Tromsø Sound
Arctic Cathedral in Tromsø
Arctic Cathedral up close

2. The Polar Museum

If the sight of lots of taxidermied animals makes you feel uncomfortable, the the Polar Museum might not be for you. But if you're okay with this, then the museum is a fascinating look into Arctic trapping and hunting and early polar explorers.

3. The view from Fjellheisen

This aerial tramway will take you 1378 feet (420 meters) above Tromsø for the best view in the city. The cars run from 10 a.m. to midnight throughout the winter months (yes, midnight!), and the views are seriously great day or night. There's also a restaurant at the top.

Fjellheisen tramway in Tromso, Norway
Fjellheisen tramway at the top (photo taken in spring)

Things to do in Tromsø

There are a lot of activities to choose from in and around Tromsø. The ones I can personally recommend are:

1. Dogsledding

I know dogsledding doesn't appeal to everyone, but if you want to see a real dogsledding operation and see how much these specially-bred dogs really do LOVE to RUN, book a trip with Tromsø Villmarkssenter. You can even see what it's like to be a musher and “drive” your own sled (beware, though – it's a LOT harder than it looks!).

>> Book a dogsledding tour here.

Dogsledding in Norway
Dogsledding in Norway
Sled dogs at Tromsø Villmarkssenter in Norway
Happy sled dogs

2. Learn to cross-country ski

If there's only one physical outdoor activity you try in Tromsø, make it cross-country skiing. This is basically the national pasttime in Norway, and Tromsø Outdoor offers a great 3-hour course for beginners. (They also offer fun showshoeing tours if that's more your speed.)

>> Book your cross-country skiing class here.

3. Go reindeer sledding

Northern Norway is home to the indigenous Sami people, who are known for herding reindeer. If you want to learn more about this culture AND get up close with some fuzzy-antlered deer, you can go reindeer sledding in the beautiful Lyngen Alps with Lynsfjord Adventure.

>> Book a reindeer tour here.

Reindeer at Lyngsfjord Adventures in Northern Norway
Reindeer at Lyngsfjord Adventures

4. Chase the Northern Lights

And, of course, Tromsø has PLENTY of options for those who want to chase the Northern Lights. One guide told me there are literally dozens of companies in the city that offer aurora-chasing tours.

There's of course never a guarantee that you'll see the Northern Lights, but in order to have the best chance I recommend booking with a company that offers small group sizes and a true “chasing” experience (i.e. you won't just go to one place and sit). My top picks are Tromsø Friluftsenter and Guide Gunnar.

>> Book a small-group Northern Lights tour here.

Northern Lights in Tromsø, Norway
Northern Lights chasing with Tromsø Friluftsenter

RELATED: Chasing the Northern Lights in Arctic Norway

The pros of visiting Tromsø

The upside of visiting Tromsø is that you have a lot more choices when it comes to… well, everything in comparison with Alta. More hotels, more restaurants, more tour companies, more shopping. There are even lots of cute coffee shops to enjoy.

Tromso coffee shop
Smørtorget Cafe

And Tromsø is easier to get to, too, since many airlines fly directly there from various European cities.

The cons of visiting Tromsø

The downside to Tromsø being quite a bit more popular is that it's also more crowded and more touristy. More cruise ships call into port here, and you'll find bigger tour groups and more tour buses. We're not talking like Venice-levels of tourists, of course, but you definitely notice the difference if you compare it to Alta.

RELATED: 3 Days in Tromso, Norway: The Perfect Tromso in Winter Itinerary

Where to stay in Tromsø

Scandic Ishavshotel – This hotel right on the Tromsø Sound offers some great views, free wifi, and an on-site restaurant. And it's also one of two main hotels where most of the tour companies do free pickups from. (Read reviews | Book here)

Radisson Blu – The Radisson Blu is the other hotel near the harbor where tours pick up from, and is another nice option in Tromsø. (Read reviews | Book here)

Thon Hotel Polar – This is where I stayed in Tromsø. It's further up from the harbor, but close to the city's main shopping street. I loved the sleek and well-designed rooms, and the Egon Restaurant downstairs was nice, too. (Read reviews | Book here)

Thon Hotel Polar in Tromso
Thon Hotel Polar

So, Tromsø or Alta?

As you can see, these northern towns both have a lot in common. You can do all the same things (from dogsledding to snowshoeing to Northern Lights chasing), and stay in similar hotels. Both even have a notable cathedral worth seeing.

The biggest differences come down to size and the variety of choice. If you prefer more choice and a slightly bigger town to explore, then Tromsø is for you. If, on the other hand, you want a more intimate experience and don't mind a lack of choice when it comes to what you eat, then you probably want to go to Alta.

Or you could do what I did and just visit both!

(You'll also find the igloo hotel in Alta.)

*Note: I was a guest of Innovation Norway, Northern Norway, and North Adventures on this trip, and also have to thank all the local tour operators we worked with. As always, though, all opinions are 100% my own.

Traveling from Tromsø to Alta

What's the best way to get from Tromsø to Alta if you decide to visit both cities?

I recommend flying between Tromsø and Alta. Flights take only about 40 minutes, and cost about $150 on average one-way. Airlines serving this route include Norwegian, SAS, and Wideroe, and there are several flights per day.

You could also self-drive from Tromsø to Alta, but driving will take anywhere from 6 to 8 hours – and possibly longer if the roads are snowy/icy and you don't have experience driving in winter weather. (In fact, if you don't have experience driving in this sort of weather, I definitely DO NOT recommend that you drive.)

There's a bus that runs between the two cities, too, but I believe it only runs once per day.

Flying into Tromso, Norway
If you fly, you'll see views like this!

When to go to Northern Norway

Ready to book your trip to Northern Norway? I hope so! So one more tip for you.

Both Alta and Tromsø experience the “polar night” during the winter, when the sun basically never rises above the horizon. This period is generally from late November to mid-January.

You probably want at least a handful of hours of daylight, though. So I recommend going to Northern Norway in February or March. By mid- or late February, you'll have 7-9 hours of light each day (and the days will get progressively longer quite quickly), but still plenty of wintry weather and landscapes to enjoy.


READ NEXT: A Perfect 10-Day Itinerary for Norway in Winter

So which would you choose? Alta or Tromsø?

Pin it for later:

"It's a dangerous business, going out your door. You step onto the road, and, if you don't keep your feet, there's no telling where you might get swept off to." - JRR Tolkien

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46 Comments on “Tromso vs. Alta: Exploring Norway’s Arctic North in Winter

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  1. Thank you for this great comparison of the two cities. Is the temperature similar for both in the winter? You described the “warmer” climate in Alta – does Tromso share this also?

      Yes, I’d say the temperature is similar in both places in the winter, since they’re both on that same coast. (I visited both in one trip, and wore the same winter gear in both places.)

    Hi visiting Tromso & Alta on a cruise in December. Want to book some excursions. When is the light better – in the morning about 9.30am or lunchtime – about 12.30pm?

      So Northern Norway experiences Polar Night from late November through mid-January, meaning the sun never actually rises above the horizon. It’s not completely pitch black in this part of Norway, but there’s no sunlight – during the “day,” it’s kind of like a twilight-type light. I’d guess that 12:30pm might be better for this “blue” lighting, but just be aware that it won’t be anything like “normal” daylight.

    My BIG question is: Is Alta a lot less overcast or cloudy than Tromso in October and November? The “bucket list” item for both me and my wife is to see the Northern lights. Where we see them is less important. So is Alta less cloudy than Tromso during those months?

      That’s probably a better question for Google or a weather app! I visited both in February, and Alta was slightly less cloudy than Tromso, but in Tromso there are tours that will take you further out to “chase” the lights even on more overcast nights. So it really depends! I’m not sure what the average cloud cover is like in October/November!

    My wife and I are visiting in February and will only have time for Tromso or Alta. We’d prefer to go to Alta but will not be renting a car, will this be an issue? Should we go to Tromso instead?


      I did not have a car for my winter visit to Alta and Tromso, and it was okay! (In both places, you’re likely to be doing tours in the winter anyway, and they almost always include hotel pick-up.)

    a `not so young’ medical doctor from India; wintered twice in Antarctica , lived life in African bush as an MD with international charity , frequently sail as a Merchant Navy Doctor on high seas , and who started his career as a young Captain in armed force, is set to take his wife to Northern Norway , Tromso this autumn ( in fact late Nov ’22) to give her a feel of a bit arctic and if nature willing the ` aurora borealis ‘ ( i had umpteen viewing of Aurora Australis though).
    i suddenly stumbled upon your Blog/ Vlog while randomly browsing through northern norway video posts and now i am bit confused whether it ought to be Tromso or Alta !!
    But nothing can be altered at this juncture , as Tromso is planned , booked and paid …
    thanks and regards

      Both are great options, and I’m sure you’ll have a great time in Tromso!

    So i have been living in both cities, i am from Alta but as well lived in Tromsø. For tourism i personally think Tromsø is better since they have more to offer, because Tromsø is more focused on tourism…
    But lets say i took my girl friend for a trip north (We are living in Spain, and shes from Spain), i would take her to Alta rather than Tromsø, Because i Alta is hiding their treasures more than Tromsø, and those treasures are a bit difficult to find without knowing the places.

    If you would go to Alta to find these “hidden treasures” i suggest you to look up the Sami people, and as well the ice hotel.
    Anyways this is my experience, at the end is your choose!

      Yes, I totally agree! Tromso is a little more touristy, while Alta feels a bit more adventurous, especially in the winter.

    I am planning a trip with my husband to norway on March 2020 and we both loved to see both Tromsø and Alta but we have a problem which is how should we go from Tromsø to Alta? We are flying in from Malaysia to Oslo and from Oslo to Tromsø. But we can’t find any transportation from Tromsø to Alta. Does we really have to hire a car and drive there by ourselves? We does not have any experience in driving through snowy road or any winter experience. Do you have any advise on the transportation to Alta? We had loved to hear from you. Thank you!

      I would suggest flying between the two. You can drive, yes, but it will take the better part of a day, and I don’t recommend it if you’ve never driven in snow! I flew between the two cities – I’m pretty sure 2 or 3 airlines offer this flight route. The only other option is to take a bus, but it’s quickest to fly!

    Loved this post! How did you go between Tromsø and Alta in the winter? Fly?

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