Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River: A Florida Must-Do

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I remember when I first heard of manatees.

It was sometime in elementary school, when we were talking about endangered species and what that meant. I was more concerned about the gray wolves (and would go on to be obsessed with them for a few years before I hit my horse phase in middle school), but I remember thinking manatees sounded pretty cool, too.

Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida

Some fun facts to prove their coolness:

  • Manatees are herbivores and spend pretty much all their waking hours eating.
  • They are coastal dwellers, and can survive in both fresh and salt water (but they can't pressurize their ears, meaning you'll never find them down very deep).
  • Manatees breathe about once every 3 minutes (or up to once every 5-6 minutes if they are sleeping/resting).
  • Manatees evolved from land mammals (and are related to elephants), and still have small fingernails on their front flippers!
  • Early explorers like Christopher Columbus thought manatees were mermaids.
  • Manatees usually move quite slowly, but can swim up to 25 miles per hour in a burst if they are spooked.
  • They can live into their 60s, though many in the wild don't live to be that old.
  • Manatees have no natural predators to be afraid of, making them fairly curious creatures.
  • They cannot survive well in water cooler than about 60 degrees – and prefer it to be much warmer than that.

This last fact means that, during the winter months, the manatees that call the waters in and around the Gulf of Mexico home often have to seek warmer spots if they want to survive. Because, even though most people associate places like Florida and Alabama with hot, tropical weather, the reality is that it can get quite chilly there during the winter – especially at night.

Hence why the natural springs around Crystal River, Florida, are jam-packed with manatees each and every winter.

Three Sisters Springs
During the cold months, this spring is FILLED with manatees.

Swimming with manatees: what's it like?

With so many manatees in the area (especially during the colder months), manatee snorkeling tours have become increasingly popular in Crystal River. And, after having swum recently with dolphins and fur seals, I figured I may as well add manatees to my list!

I was staying at The Plantation on Crystal River (a beautiful historic hotel right on the canal), and the hotel has its own dive shop/marina right on site. And they, of course, do manatee tours.

I showed up at 6:30 a.m. while it was still dark and climbed into a 5mm wetsuit (not an easy feat). I then watched a manatee safety video with my 10 tour mates before climbing into a boat in the fog with Captain Ed.

The video stressed the importance of “passive observation” – the ideal way to interact with any sort of wildlife. In the case of swimming with manatees, this means not chasing the animals or approaching them in any way.

Basically (much like when I swam with fur seals in New Zealand), you're told to lay still in the water and let the manatees come to you.

Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida

Because, while the video stresses that you shouldn't poke, prod, step on, or otherwise touch the wild manatees at all, the animals have not had the same “passive observation” briefing.

This was made evident as soon as we got in the water just around the corner from the Plantation. It was not guaranteed that we were going to see any manatees at all since the Florida weather had warmed up a lot in late March and the manatees had already left the springs dotted throughout King's Bay. But we found two resident manatees hanging out around the docks – a mother named V and her two-year-old calf.

Captain Ed got in the water first to confirm that the manatees were going to stick around. The animals have terrible eyesight, but they make up for it with other senses – they know you're in the water once you get within about 10 feet of them.

Ed soon motioned us all in, and we doggy-paddled/floated over in the direction of the manatees. What I saw when I got there was incredible – the baby manatee (which Ed later told us that he's known since it was born) swam right up to Ed and gave him a hug.

And I'm not just saying that – the manatee literally swam up, grabbed Ed's arm with his flippers, and pulled the captain in for a snuggle.

Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida

Then the manatee rolled over in the water, begging for belly rubs.

Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida

We stayed with V and her baby for nearly an hour, floating around with big grins on our faces and watching as the manatees ate, came up for air, and generally just went about their everyday lives.

Other than the first greeting the baby gave Captain Ed, the manatees seemed perfectly content to ignore us. V even pushed a couple of us out of the way when she wanted to munch on a different spot of vegetation.

It was pretty cool to be so close to these gentle giants – and that's really what they are. They don't have teeth except molars for grinding, and yet they can grow up to about 13 feet long, and can easily weigh up to 1,200 pounds.

V was at least 10 feet long, and Ed said she was probably somewhere in her 40s. She's one of the “resident” manatees in Crystal River, meaning she often hangs out in the canals and nearby waterways, even when she doesn't need the warm water.

Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida
You can see how big V is!

Soon a few other boats came by to visit the manatees, so our group packed up and headed to our next stop: Three Sisters Springs.

Swimming at Three Sisters Springs

In the really cold months, it's here at Three Sisters that hundreds upon hundreds of manatees gather. During “manatee season” (generally mid-November to late March), areas are roped off for the manatees, and boats are not allowed in the area.

Swimming at Three Sisters Springs
Swimming at Three Sisters Springs

Unfortunately there were no manatees left in Three Sisters when I was there – but it was still SO worth a visit. The water was crystal clear and tinted a beautiful blue color, and it was neat to be able to float over the natural springs.

Swimming at Three Sisters Springs

If I were a manatee, I would totally want to spend the winter here.

As it was, we were the first tour group into the springs, meaning we had plenty of time to swim around and enjoy it.

Swimming at Three Sisters Springs

I'm determined to come back next year, though, when there will be some manatees around!

Swimming at Three Sisters Springs

Should you swim with manatees?

Before going on this tour, I definitely wrestled with the “Is it responsible?” question that I always face whenever any sort of animal “encounter” is involved. So many animal-related tours out there do more harm than good to the animals.

And, indeed, manatee tourism in and around Crystal River is not without its controversy.

Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida

As I mentioned earlier, manatees have no natural predators and are very curious creatures. This can be both good and bad. It's great for people who want to have a manatee encounter. But it's not always great for the manatees.

First of all, their curiosity, slow pace, and tendency to be hanging out near the water's surface means that many manatees have unfortunate run-ins with boats every year. And, with more and more people moving to coastal regions and manatee tourism increasing, this only means more boats.

Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida
V, for example, got her name from the notch in her tail.

Boat-related deaths account for about 20 percent of all manatee deaths each year, and more manatees die from human-related activity like getting caught in fishing nets/line and drowning, or eating rubbish that's been thrown into the water and getting sick (they aren't like sharks; they don't take a “test” bite of potential food – they eat first and ask questions later).

So of course I had to do my research before participating in any sort of manatee tour.

Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida

Luckily, all the tour companies in Crystal River are strictly regulated, volunteers police the manatee sanctuaries when they're full, and visitors are always encouraged to practice passive observation.

In fact, after experiencing it for myself, I would argue that it's better for the manatees when people visit them in tour groups. Because then at least they are educated about how to interact with the manatees and respect their habitat. (People who roll up to the springs in their own boats on Spring Break looking to have a good time and pet some manatees, on the other hand…)

Plus, I'm a firm believer that once you have an experience like this, you automatically become somewhat of an advocate for the animals.

Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida

And the good news is that the increase in manatee tourism hasn't hurt the manatees whatsoever. In fact, Florida counted a record number of manatees in 2018 – over 8,800 of them! Florida's manatees also were taken off the endangered list in 2017 and re-classified as “threatened.” Which is definitely good news.

I loved my morning with the manatees, and am already plotting my return trip next winter!

Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida
Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River, Florida


I went on a manatee snorkel tour through The Plantation on Crystal River. Tours last about 3.5 hours and cost $55 per person. The price includes a 5mm wetsuit, mask and snorkel, a dry towel, and coffee/hot chocolate on the boat.

Tip: If you go outside of “manatee season,” go on a tour as early in the morning as you can, as you have a better chance of seeing some local “resident” manatees earlier in the morning.

Or check out a manatee swimming tour through Viator instead.

READ NEXT: 5 Awesome Things to do in Crystal River, Florida

Would YOU want to swim with manatees?

*Note: I was a guest of the Plantation on Crystal River, and received a complimentary manatee swimming tour. As always, though, all opinions are 100% my own.

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"It's a dangerous business, going out your door. You step onto the road, and, if you don't keep your feet, there's no telling where you might get swept off to." - JRR Tolkien

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73 Comments on “Swimming with Manatees in Crystal River: A Florida Must-Do

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  1. wow very interesting event, do the manateas come up close and nuzzle at your fingers etc.

      It’s not unheard of, though you’re not really supposed to touch them!

        Yes ,but if they come up to you you can`t really push them away , when swimming with them would it be ok to wear just swim trunks ?

          If you book a manatee swimming tour (which I think is the only legal way you can swim with them?), they’ll likely provide you with a wet suit. But any specific questions about what you should wear/what you can do is best directed at a company in Crystal River that deals with manatees! I’m just a writer who went on a tour once.

            thanks. great site by the way.

    I was swimming in the Gulf-1st time to penesila Florida ever – when I was floating letting the waves toss me up and down when I saw this dark shadow in the water -which I thought was seaweed. I did not want to be covered in it so I started to move out of its path. It then stuck its head out of the water and snorted at me. I was really freaked out and started doing my best to run away not knowing for sure what it was. I then realised it was a manatee which I had seen one at the aquarium the day before. It was one of those few really thrilling moments in life. He kept popping up around us for the next several minutes and even swam between my wife and I and brushed up against us a few times. This was truly such an awesome experience. I remember as I was watching the manatees in the tank at the aquarium the day before thinking how cool it would be to be able to get in the tank with them and swim and this happened the very next day. Totally AWESOME!!!

      Wow what an amazing encounter!! They’re such curious creatures!

        Are there any threat from alligators while swimming with the manatees in the Crystal river Amanda?

          There are alligators all over Florida, but in general there’s not a threat from them in the areas where you’d be swimming with manatees. (And if you’re going on a guided trip, your guide would definitely keep an eye out for any!)

    Your two blogs on Crystal River/swimming with manatees has been extremely helpful! I’ve wanted to see one in person since I was in 4th grade when we “adopted” one. Here I am 28 years old and finally getting a chance to, and especially a near by beach (go to florida= must put toes in sand). All your information was helpful from where to stay, what to do outside of manatees. I cannot wait to travel there for my 2 year anniversary. Thank you so much!

      You’re so welcome, Jessica! I’m glad you found these posts so helpful – and I hope you have an amazing time in Crystal River!

    Thanks for the article & pics! I’m glad to hear it is regulated for the safety of the manatees. Going with my wife & daughters in a week & can’t wait.

      I hope you see some manatees, Hank! I think things are going to be even more regulated this year – but it’s all for the good of the animals!

    Ahhh this is wonderful! Putting this on my to-do list. Thank you!

      Definitely worth doing someday!

    I did this a couple years ago and had a blast! It was an unseasonable warm day, so there were only a handful of manatees, but it was still so fun! I also did the dive into King’s Spring cave, which I didn’t particularly love… it was so dark and confined and silty! I’ll stick with the beautiful clear water!

      I’m hoping to go back and do it again next year when there are lots of manatees. It was so fun!

      Laura, unfortunately King’s Spring is no longer a great dive site on a regular basis due to the silt, and small entrance. However if you ever come back to Crystal River to visit the manatees again- take an afternoon and drift dive down the Rainbow River, or check out Devil’s Den and/or Blue Grotto. All are fairly close to Crystal River and offer great diving in clear, fresh water.

    I have swim with dolphins and sharks but never manatees!

      It was definitely fun! I’d love to do it again when there are hundreds around! They’re such cool animals.

    Simply amazing creatures … more needs to be done to ensure their safety…!

    Crrystal Springs is an awesome place to swim/snokel or kayak with Manatees. We had the opportunity to do so last January and look forward to visiting again! Thanks for the post 🙂

      You must have seen so many in January! This is definitely something I plan to do again someday.

    Thanks for being so informative, Amanda! I admit I had my suspicious when you said you were going to swim with manatees, but I’m not surprised that they were unfounded! I’m glad there are strict regulations and plenty of caring volunteers to make sure these sweet animals stay safe and respected. All of these pictures had me smiling- I hope to meet some manatees myself some day!

      Some of the volunteers are suuuuuper passionate – to the point where they yell at people a lot. Haha. Perhaps a little *too* passionate at times. But it’s great to know that the manatees have so many local advocates!

    […] Crystal River, Florida, USA – Swim With Manatees: Winter brings these gentle creatures fleeing to this clear river in search of warmer water. January is the peak month when kayakers can get up close to herds of manatees. Swiming with Manatees on the Crystal River […]

    This is a really compelling article. In Thailand we have Dugong (พะยูน), which are from the same order Sirenia as 3 species of manatees, but the Dugong are extremely rare these days.

    Crystal River is fresh water, right? Here we would also be worried about getting some kind of parasite after being in freshwater for so long! Haha.

    Thanks for sharing na kha.

      Yes, I’ve heard of the dugong, though I’ve of course never seen one. Crystal River IS fresh water, but manatees can also live in brackish and salt water!

    This was a great read. There has been a ton around about how cute manatees are but it was great to hear about your experience and your thoughts about the tours. I would love to meet these little guys 🙂

      Thanks so much! I’m definitely a firm believer that travel bloggers have a great platform from which to educate others, so I try to do that whenever I can (and especially when it comes to potentially touchy subjects like animal tourism!).

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