Exploring Russia with Viking River Cruises: The Highlights

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When most people think of river cruises, they think of rivers like the Danube and the Rhine; of countries like France and Germany. Most people don't immediately think of Russia when they hear the term “river cruise.”

Which, of course, is exactly why I was drawn to it for my second trip with Viking River Cruises.

Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow

After exploring Christmas markets along the Rhine with Viking last year, I knew I wanted to showcase one of their non-Western-Europe cruises this time around. Even though river cruising isn't exactly “off the beaten path,” I liked the idea of cruising somewhere that many people probably haven't even considered.

So I chose Viking's “Waterways of the Tsars” cruise from Moscow to St. Petersburg.

The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg
The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg

While this 13-day cruise was similar to other river cruises I've been on in many ways (the very nice staterooms, the fantastic service, the great included tours and excursions), it was different in other ways. Firstly, we spent several days docked in both Moscow and St. Petersburg instead of just passing through. And we sailed not only up the Volga River, but also through some of Europe's largest lakes.

There was still A LOT packed into just 13 days, though. Lots of cathedrals and palaces and kremlins and more churches. I'll be writing a bit more about the cruise itself later, but for now I just wanted to share the highlights.

Highlights from Viking's “Waterways of the Tsars” cruise

Red Square and the Kremlin in Moscow

The one place in Russia that's always been on my bucket list was Red Square so I could see the iconic St. Basil's Cathedral in person. And the reality was even more breath-taking than I ever thought it would be.

St. Basil's Cathedral on Red Square in Moscow
Ahhhh it's so cool.

This was partially because Red Square is HUGE. It's definitely not your average square, covering nearly 800,000 square feet! St. Basil's is on the far end, with the State Historical Museum on the opposite end. On one side you have GUM, (now a high-end department store), with the walls of the Kremlin and Lenin's tomb on the other side.

Red Square in Moscow, Russia
Less than half of Red Square is in this photo – it's huge!

I was also surprised by all the other buildings on Red Square that I didn't really even know about, but that were equally impressive.

Inside GUM in Moscow, Russia
Inside GUM, a fancy department store

Many people think that Red Square is named for the red walls of the Kremlin, or perhaps because of the violence that has taken place there in Russia's past. But “red” is actually just synonymous with “beautiful” in Russian – meaning it's really just the “Beautiful Square.” I don't think I can really argue.

State Historical Museum on Red Square in Moscow
The State Historical Museum at the entrance to Red Square

I also got the chance to tour part of the Kremlin while in Moscow, including its Cathedral Square (yes, the Kremlin has like seven churches within its walls), the massive Tsar Cannon and Bell, and the Armory (which is where some of the most opulent state treasures are kept).

Cathedral of the Annunciation in the Kremlin in Moscow
Cathedral of the Annunciation in the Kremlin
The Tsar Cannon at the Kremlin in Moscow
The Tsar Cannon
Domes of the Kremlin in Moscow
Golden domes of the Kremlin

I originally wasn't even signed up to visit the Armory, but ended up going anyway. And even though our tour was a bit rushed and you couldn't take photos inside, it was staggering to see so many lavish things in one place.

Moscow Kremlin, Russia

Seeing Moscow by night

Moscow is pretty impressive by day, but it absolutely shines (literally) at night. We bundled up and took a cruise along the Moskva River, drifting past the illuminated Kremlin and other buildings around Moscow.

Kremlin in Moscow at dusk
The Kremlin at dusk

Afterwards, we headed to see Red Square at night.

It was after 11 p.m. in October, meaning it was very dark and quite cold – but the square was also almost empty. And everything here is illuminated at night, from St. Basil's Cathedral to the massive GUM department store.

Amanda in Red Square at night

GUM department store on Red Square at night
GUM at night

As I wandered in circles taking it all in, I couldn't help but wonder how much the city spends on its electric bill in order to do this every single night.

Trinity-Sergius Monastery in Sergiev Posad

It didn't take very long for me to realize something about Russia: religion is extremely important here. I'm not sure why this was so surprising to me (maybe from the knowledge that religion was banned during the Soviet years?), but I was absolutely blown away by all the beautiful churches, cathedrals, and monasteries that we saw.

Troitse-Sergiev Monastery in Sergiev Posad, Russia
Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius

The most impressive monastery by far was the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius in Sergiev Posad. This monastery is considered to be the most important monastery in Russia and the spiritual centre of the Russian Orthodox Church. It dates back to the 1300s and is currently home to hundreds of monks.

We spent a morning visiting the various churches and cathedrals of the monastery, each one seemingly more impressive than the last.

Inside the Refectory Church at Troitse-Sergiev Monastery
Inside the Refectory Church
Cathedral of the Assumption at Troitse-Sergiev Monastery
Cathedral of the Assumption
Inside the Cathedral of the Assumption at Troitse-Sergiev Monastery
The iconostasis in the Cathedral of the Assumption

I learned a fun fact about the Russian Orthodox Church from a monk here, too: Men hoping to go into the priesthood are actually encouraged to marry before being ordained. It's believed that a priest cannot successfully counsel others on matters of the family if he does not have one of his own. (This Catholic-raised girl thinks this logic makes a lot of sense!)

The Golden Ring city of Yaroslavl

I didn't know much about Yaroslavl before I visited, but it turns out that the city (which dates back to the early 1000s) is part of Russia's “Golden Ring,” a group of historic cities that have played an important role in Russian history.

Yaroslavl, Russia

We started our city tour by visiting a couple of cathedrals. One – the Assumption Cathedral – was destroyed during the Soviet era and only rebuilt in the last 10 years, while another – the Church of Elijah the Prophet – was preserved with its 17th-century frescoes in-tact.

Assumption Cathedral in Yaroslavl, Russia
Assumption Cathedral
Inside a Russian Orthodox church in Yaroslavl
Part of a Russian Orthodox Mass in the Assumption Cathedral
Church of Elijah the Prophet in Yaroslavl, Russia
Church of Elijah the Prophet
Inside the Church of Elijah the Prophet in Yaroslavl
Inside the Church of Elijah the Prophet

We also visited Yaroslavl's UNESCO-recognized city center, and rounded out the tour with a stop at the Governor's House, which is now a museum of art and Russian culture.

Kizhi Pogost on Lake Onega

After sailing across Lake Onega (the second-largest lake in Europe), we arrived to Kizhi Island on a cold, gray afternoon with a threat of sleet. Normally this sort of weather would depress me, but I was so excited to explore this random little island that I didn't even care.

Kizhi Island on Lake Onega
Kizhi Island

Kizhi Island is home to Kizhi Pogost, a fenced-in area that consists of two large 17th-century wooden churches and a bell tower. This might not sound that impressive on paper, but to see them is to be wowed. This is mostly because the intricate 22-dome Transfiguration Church and the 9-dome Intercession Church are constructed entirely of wood that fit together like puzzle pieces – not a single nail was used to build them.

Kizhi Pogost on Lake Onega
Kizhi Pogost – built without a single nail

The story goes that when the architect finished the main Church of the Transfiguration, he tossed his axe into the lake because he declared he could never construct anything more beautiful.

Wooden onion domes at Kizhi Pogost
100% wooden onion domes

You'll find other wooden structures on the island in an open-air architectural museum, but it's really Kizhi Pogost that is the star here. It's listed as both a Russian Cultural Heritage site and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Mandrogy, in all its touristy glory

Our last stop before reaching St. Petersburg was in a little town called Mandrogy. This cute little town used to be a real place where people lived, but all but disappeared after WWII. In 1996, though, a Russian man got the idea to reconstruct the town as an open-air museum representing traditional Russian villages solely for river cruise passengers to visit.

Mandrogy, Russia

Today the town has handicraft workshops, a vodka museum, a cafe, a banya (Russian sauna), a zoo, and a collection of colorfully-painted log buildings.

Matryoshka dolls in Mandrogy, Russia
Pretty matryoshka dolls

Mandrogy is by no means traditional (and I think it might actually be a nightmare in the busy summer months when lots of ships are visiting at the same time), but I actually kind of loved it in all its kitschy glory.

Home in Mandrogy, Russia
I want to live in this one

Architecture in Mandrogy, Russia

Mandrogy is also one of the best place to buy hand-painted matryoshka dolls and other Russian souvenirs, so be sure to save some of your rubles for this stop.

The Hermitage / Winter Palace in St. Petersburg

St. Petersburg was our final stop on the cruise, and we spent three whole days in the city. Our first stop was at the famous Hermitage Museum, which is partially located in the old Winter Palace of the Russian Tsars. I'm not really a huge fan of art museums in general, so I wasn't sure that Hermitage tour would be able to keep my interest for a full four hours. But damn, was I wrong!

The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg
The grand staircase inside the Winter Palace

The Hermitage is much more than just an art museum. I mean, yes, there's lots of artwork, including some by very famous artists. But the real draw (for me, at least), were the opulent rooms of the former Winter Palace.

Throne Room in The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg
The small throne room

Inside the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg

Walking through these rooms had me absolutely enthralled – and later in the evening we even got to see a ballet performance of Swan Lake in the Hermitage Theater (formerly the private theater of the Tsar). This is an absolute MUST in St. Petersburg.

The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg
The room that leads to the Hermitage Theater
Inside the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg
Even the newer rooms that were purpose-built to display art are incredible

Afterwards, I went wandering around St. Petersburg on my own, with my first stop being Palace Square to take even more photos of the beautiful Winter Palace.

The Winter Palace in St. Petersburg, Russia

Palace Square in St. Petersburg, Russia

Even though I spent four hours at the Hermitage, I barely even scratched the surface. Having a guide was crucial, though – it ensured we saw all the best parts and most notable works of art in the time that we had.

Amazing churches in St. Petersburg

You would think that after a week and a half of LOTS of cathedrals that I would have been churched-out by the end of this cruise. But you know what? I really wasn't! I think it's mostly because Russian Orthodox churches (and especially the ones we visited) are so beautiful and ornately decorated on the inside that it's really difficult to get bored of them.

St. Petersburg canal and the Church of Our Savior on the Spilled Blood
St. Petersburg canal

I visited one more church with a Viking group, and it was definitely one of the best: The Church of Our Savior on Spilled Blood. This church was built on the exact site where Emperor Alexander II was assassinated in 1881, and no expense was spared.

Church of Our Savior on the Spilled Blood in St. Petersburg

Church of Our Savior on the Spilled Blood in St. Petersburg

The outside of the church is extremely eye-catching, and inside the entire thing is covered in mosaics. Restoration of the mosaics is ongoing, but I'm just so glad that this one survived the Bolsheviks and wasn't destroyed.

Inside the Church of Our Savior on the Spilled Blood in St. Petersburg

Inside the Church of Our Savior on the Spilled Blood in St. Petersburg

Mosaics inside the Church of Our Savior on the Spilled Blood
In this photo you can see that it's all mosaics

I visited St. Petersburg's other famous church on my own during a free afternoon in the city: St. Isaac's Cathedral.

I actually think this one is one of the least-attractive Russian churches on the outside (with the exception of the massive gold-plated dome)…

St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg

…but it's one of the most beautiful on the inside.

Inside Saint Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg

Inside St. Isaac's, the walls and ceiling are covered with mosaic icons, detailed paintings and columns made of malachite and lapis lazuli. I honestly spent nearly an hour inside, just admiring everything (and that was after more than 10 straight days of churches and cathedrals, remember!).

Inside Saint Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg

Inside Saint Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg

The dome is my favorite part, with an image of a white dove in the very center that you could easily miss if you didn't know to look for it.

Saint Isaac's Cathedral dome in St. Petersburg

St. Isaac's was closed in the 1930s (along with most churches in Russia), and reopened as a museum, which it remains today. I highly encourage visiting this one on your own (it's not included in any of Viking's tours), and also recommend climbing up to the Colonnade for great views out over St. Petersburg.

Catherine Palace / Peterhof Palace

I took a few short trips outside of St. Petersburg with Viking, too, including to Catherine Palace and Peterhof Palace, both built during the time of Peter the Great.

We visited Catherine Palace first, which is striking with its blue exterior and sprawling gardens.

Catherine Palace in Pushkin, Russia

The palace was built for Peter's second wife, Catherine I, and was originally much smaller and less opulent on the inside. But daughter (and later Empress) Elizabeth expanded the palace and made it grand and lavish. Sadly the palace was reduced to rubble during WWII, but has since been painstakingly restored.

Catherine Palace in Pushkin, Russia
It's almost all new since WWII
Inside Catherine Palace's great hall
Inside the great hall

While I was impressed by the golden Great Hall and the Amber Room of Catherine Palace, it felt really crowded (and also didn't really hold a candle to the Winter Palace). I would still recommend visiting, but I would maybe do it before going to the Hermitage!

The Amber Room in Catherine Palace
The Amber Room (but shhh, I definitely did not snap a sneaky illegal photo in there…)

I also visited Peterhof Palace on a optional tour with Viking. This was another palace built by Peter the Great and then renovated by Empress Elizabeth (though unfortunately you can't take photos inside). This palace isn't famous for its interior, though – it's famous for its huge complex of outdoor fountains.

Peterhof Palace in winter
The Peterhof fountains in winter
Peterhof Palace in Russia in winter
This canal leads to the Gulf of Finland

Sadly the fountains were already turned off for the winter when I was there in late October. It was still beautiful, but it's definitely going on my list of places I need to re-visit sometime during the summer!

Need-to-know about this cruise

The basics

Like most Viking cruises, this “Waterways of the Tsars” cruise included comfortable state rooms, really good food, and a professional-yet-friendly staff. All the trappings of your average Viking cruises were there, including free excursions in every port (as well as extra optional tours you could pay for), free beer and wine at mealtimes, and free on-ship wifi.

State room on the Viking Akun
My Viking Akun stateroom

When to go

I booked the very last sailing of the season in mid-October (these cruises run May-October). And while cruising so late in the year in Russia meant gray skies and chilly temperatures (it was in the mid-30s F most days), the advantage was a definite lack of the crushing crowds of tourists you find at the most popular spots in the summer months. For example, we were able to walk right up to da Vinci paintings in The Hermitage!

If you want to avoid the largest crowds, I would suggest going either early or late in the season.

Uglich Kremlin, Russia
Plus: fall colors!

What makes it different

The first major difference you'll notice if you've been on any of Viking's cruises in Western Europe is that the ships in Russia are different. These aren't the purpose-built longships that Viking is known for, but rather sea-going cruise ships. The ships are slightly bigger (there were 190 passengers on my cruise), but still outfitted to the Viking standard.

Another difference is in the itinerary. Unlike with other cruises where you spend most of the time on the move, this cruise starts with three full days in Moscow and ends with three full days in St. Petersburg. This is what initially drew me to this cruise, since it means you really do get enough time to see all the main sights.

Viking Akun in Russia
The Viking Akun

Lastly, this cruise is a little different in that there are onboard “tour escorts” that travel with you the whole time. These are local Russian guides who not only help organize excursions, but also lead tours, act as translators when you have local guides, and also give presentations on the ship on everything from Russian history to language lessons. I liked this, because it meant you got to know these guides pretty well.

Would I recommend it?

YES. While this isn't the cheapest way to explore Russia, it's certainly one of the most stress-free. Viking takes care of all the details, and can even help you get the necessary Russian tourist visa before you go. I liked the pace of the cruise, too – I packed a TON in in both Moscow and St. Petersburg, so the more leisurely sailing days were a welcome break.

Along the Volga River in Yaroslavl

I should also mention that I did this cruise SOLO, and even enjoyed that aspect of it (I'll be writing all about it later!).

Have you ever been to Russia? If not, would you ever consider a cruise there?


Russia with Viking River Cruises


*Note: I was a guest of Viking River Cruises on this trip to Russia, and received a complimentary cruise. As always, though, all opinions, photos, and gushing over churches are 100% my own.


"It's a dangerous business, going out your door. You step onto the road, and, if you don't keep your feet, there's no telling where you might get swept off to." - JRR Tolkien

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57 Comments on “Exploring Russia with Viking River Cruises: The Highlights

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  1. We are taking this same cruise in June of this year. Can you please suggest an appropriate amount of local currency to have on hand. We know we can use Visa for most things, but there are always incidentals for which you need cash – snacks, shopping for small items, etc. Any advice you can offer would be greatly appreciated.

      You will definitely want some cash for souvenirs, since not every vendor will take a card. I didn’t really spend much off the ship – I think all told maybe I spent $250 USD? But it totally depends on what you’ll want to buy, and whether you’ll want to have any meals off the ship. Nesting dolls, for example, will run about $10 USD for a very cheap set, and up to $100 or more for a very detailed set. (I got a nice set in Mandrogy for about $70 USD.)

    Thank you so much for writing this. I was with you on that cruise and your photos have enabled me to see what I was missing by not going on some of the same tours that you did. Your words have brought back such happy memories. Like you, my wife and I are a little introverted but with Vikings non-designated seating policy we managed to strike up friendships with people from all over the world. One comment would be that you spent too much time in your cabin and not enough time tasting some of the wonderful Vodkas Russia has to offer. Thank you once again.

      So glad that my photos helped bring back some good memories for you, Steve! 🙂 And yes, it’s true that I didn’t drink much vodka. Maybe next time!

    Amanda I just love your river cruise posts. You’re the only travel blogger I follow who does them. I think it’s great to read about it from a young person’s perspective. Would absolutely love to do this cruise one day, St. Petersburg looks great!

      Thank you, Liz! I really like river cruises, and I don’t think they’re completely out of reach for the average traveler (which is who I write for!). I definitely hope to do more in the future!

    Wonderful photos, Amanda; we, too, were pleasantly surprised by Russia. We enjoyed the sail-away parties(wrapped in warm coats and hats) on the open top deck. It was fun to have a glass of cheer, look back at the magnificent panorama of where we spent our day, and try to decide which part of the day was more memorable.
    That was our fifth Viking trip and one of our favorites.

    Fellow travelers, Steve and Marcy

      This was only my second trip with Viking (though my third river cruise total), and it will definitely be the most memorable one, I think! I really liked Russia, and the cruise was run so well. And it was great meeting you both!

    You have rekindled my desire to see Russia, I have been in Asia far to long! Wonderful post, very well written, and the pictures are a fantastic compliment to the text. I’m now a fan.

    I don’t know which photo(s) I love the most-but if I had to choose two, I’d probably go with the outside photo of Catherine Palace with the church peeking out from the top and The Church of Our Savior on Spilled Blood with the carriage in front of it. But they’re all striking.

    I’ve always wanted to visit St. Petersburg as I’ve been obsessed with the history of the tsars (and specifically, Anastasia Romanov) ever since I was a little girl. And I am a huge art fan so I’m sure I’d be in my glory at the Hermitage!

      You would LOVE the Hermitage, then, because it’s got both history and art! I definitely want to go back to St. Petersburg.

    Amazing! I have always been intrigued, and intimidated, by visiting Russia – this seems like the perfect way to do it. Definitely bookmarking this trip for future reference!

      Same here! As an American, Russia is definitely made to look quite intimidating by our media. So this was a perfect way to be introduced to the country without having to worry about so many of the details.

    Beautiful pictures. I’m glad someone is traveling to Russia as it is not a common place to visit.

      I think a lot of people (and especially Americans) view Russia a bit negatively. But I like going places to experience them for myself – and Russia was much cooler than I expected it to be.

    Wow, looks like you had a blast! 🙂

    Viking has a river cruise through Ukraine; probably not another place that people would associate for one.

      I really did have a great time! And Viking has cruises all over the world – they even had one in Egypt up until recently (I hope they bring it back once things settle down in that part of the world!).

    This is such a lovely post Amanda!
    Russia has eluded me for many a year as I would really like to travel from Berlin to Russia by train, but I just haven’t had the time! This cruise does sound rather magnificent though as I like the fact that you spend a lot more time in destinations. These days I like to spend at least 3 days somewhere, if not 5! However, if I’ve been there many times before, then 48 hours is usually sufficient!

    Your photographs are smashing of course, and I do like the idea of open air musuems, the Kizhi Island, the Transfiguration Church and the Intercession Church constructed entirely of wood. Wow! I can’t believe that not a single nail was used!

    Cool job!

      Kizhi Island was definitely a highlight – I’ve never seen anything quite like those churches!

      And yes, the 3 full days in both Moscow and St. Petersburg were great – I more or less was able to see/do everything I wanted to!

    WOW, such an awesome pics. Exploring Russia with river cruises are awesome fun. Thank you for sharing.

      I definitely had a great time – glad you enjoyed the photos!

    Seems like a really interesting way to have seen Russia! Your photographs are really beautiful – the architecture there looks incredible! Thanks for sharing your experience.

      The architecture – especially in St. Petersburg and all the cathedrals – was indeed incredible. We hear so much negative stuff about Russia these days in the US that I think we forget about what a long and rich history the country has.

    I have been waiting for this post!! Wow, Russia looks like an architect’s dreamland. Plus, I didn’t know there was so much to see outside of just Moscow and St. Petersburg. Since Russia is such a big place, I think river cruising would be the best way to see a lot of Russia in a short amount of time. Is there anywhere you wish you could have spent more time?

      I think I easily could have spent more time in Yaroslavl (though we did see all the highlights), and I already know I want to go back to St. Petersburg again during the warmer months to see it again. And I want to go and spend a whole day at Peterhof in the summer when the fountains are running!

    Gorgeous photos! I always thought Greek Orthodox churches were my favourite on the inside and outside, but I might have concluded this too early. I haven’t seen the Russian Orthodox churches in real life yet, but they look quite spectacular in your photos. Is it possible? Do Greek Orthodox churches have competition? I’ll have to check the Russian ones out to decide!

      The Russian Orthodox churches I visited were certainly jaw-dropping! There are some that lost their pretty interiors during the Soviet years, but many others were preserved and/or rebuilt. Certainly a good excuse to go to Russia!

      Will be in Russia – be sure to visit the church in Kronstadt! It is not far from St. Petersburg 😉

    I’ve always wanted to visit Russia and this may be just the way to do it. Stunning pictures. Absolutely loved this post!

      Thanks, Marvin! I thought it was a great way to see part of Russia – I didn’t have to worry about any of the details (or the language barrier) myself, which made for a really enjoyable trip!

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