An American in Vietnam

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Our guide was almost gleeful as he described the booby traps to us. Pointing out the sharp, rusted bits of metal repurposed from blown-out tanks and unexploded bombs that would be driven through the soft, fleshy bits of enemies.

One by one, he described them. Demonstrating with his words how they worked. Traps that would drive nails through the neck and armpits; traps that would release a swinging beam full of metal spikes through an opened doorway; traps that would catch and mangle feet and ankles.

“These are for American soldiers,” our guide said with a slight smile. A glint in his eye told me that he would have been happy to have witnessed some of them in action.

Booby trap at the Cu Chi Tunnels in Vietnam

Our guide's opinion toward “American soldiers” at the Cu Chi Tunnels is not an uncommon one in many parts of Vietnam. After all, he told us that several of his immediate family members (a father, an uncle) fought against the U.S. troops back in the '60s and '70s in what is usually referred to by my country as the Vietnam War.

In my guide's country, though? Here, it was the American War.

Cu Chi Tunnels in Vietnam

There are plenty of things my country has done in the past that I am not proud of. Slave ownership and abuse. Internment camps during WWII. And, of course, the Vietnam War.

In high school, the Vietnam conflict took up a large portion of my American history class. We learned about the terrible things that BOTH sides did to each other; about napalm and Agent Orange and booby traps and barbaric massacres of innocent people. We read books. We watched movies. But it's still not an easy war to dissect, mostly because of the fact that the war is still a very controversial one. And it's also not always easy to succinctly explain WHY we were fighting in the jungles of Vietnam in the first place.

The non-Americans in my Cu Chi tour group were perplexed by this. “But why was the war begun?” they kept asking. I would just shift uncomfortably because I didn't have a simple answer. Maybe there IS no simple answer. “To stop communism,” we usually say. But it was more complicated than that.

The fact of the matter is that my country invaded another. Innocent people died; whole cities were destroyed; horrific gases and poisons were used that have left both physical and mental scars on the people who survived.

Tiger pit at the Cu Chi Tunnels in Vietnam

I could sort of understand, then, when my guide at the Cu Chi Tunnels made off-color comments about Americans; when he made fun of our fat asses as we tried to climb down into the tiny tunnel entrances. It's not like this war happened 100 years ago. For many people in Vietnam, it is still very fresh in their minds. Especially at a place like this, where the war is discussed every day.

At the Cu Chi Tunnels, hundreds — maybe thousands — of tourists show up each day to marvel at the tiny hidden entrances that lead to more than 200 kilometers (125 miles) of underground tunnels around Saigon. Tunnels that people not only hid and fought in, but tunnels that they actually LIVED in for years. The tourists laugh at one another trying to squeeze into these tunnels; snap some photos and maybe pay money to shoot a machine gun.

Cu Chi Tunnels in Vietnam

They listen to the presentation about the booby traps, and then watch an old newsreel video showing Viet Cong soldiers shooting guns and receiving awards for being “American Killer Heroes” before being herded back out the front gates.

This was the point where I found myself conflicted.

On the one hand, war is war. People kill one another and are awarded medals and honors for it. I realize that. Politicians in my own country run on platforms built around the fact that they are “war heroes.” It should not have been a shock that it's the same in Vietnam.

On the other hand, being confronted by something bad that your country did in the past and then being asked to feel guilty about it… that is something else entirely. It's true that it's not always pleasant to be presented with unfortunate or uncomfortable truths. But, mostly thanks to our tour guide, I almost felt under attack by the time I left the Cu Chi Tunnels, despite the fact that I was not even alive when the U.S. went to war in Vietnam. If I had been, I certainly would not have supported it.

War Remnants Museum, Saigon

The next day we visited the War Remnants Museum in Saigon — a museum containing a good deal of one-sided, anti-American propaganda.

Even though there WAS a small section on protests against the war in the U.S., again, I felt as though the popular tourist attraction was begging for me to claim some sort of responsibility as an American. To walk through the rooms of disturbing photos (which comprise the majority of the museum) and feel guilty about them.

On the one hand, I suppose this is fair. The U.S. really has never apologized for what it did in Vietnam (or in Laos or Cambodia — in fact, the government is still unwilling to admit that we did ANYthing in some of these places). It is fair to want to place blame and demand that guilt be felt. After all, I would probably feel the same way if the roles had been reversed and it was MY country being invaded and bombed and poisoned like Vietnam was.

But I'm not sure that these one-sided tourist attractions are the way to ask for that responsibility to be claimed.

War Remnants Museum, Saigon

Don't get me wrong — I'm glad that places like the Cu Chi Tunnels and the War Remnants Museum exist. What the U.S. did in Southeast Asia in the 1960s and '70s was largely uncalled for and needlessly brutal. It dropped more than 3 times as many tons of bombs during the Vietnam War than in the whole of WWII. Which is ridiculous.

And it's right for Vietnam to want the U.S. to take responsibility.

The thing is, in places like the War Remnants Museum (and also to some extent at the Cu Chi Tunnels) Americans are made out to be monsters. 

And it's true, of course, that some American soldiers did some monstrous things in Vietnam. We've all seen the photos and read the stories; we've learned about the My Lai Massacre and can picture Napalm Girl in our minds.

But what these places don't tell you is that the majority of young Americans sent to fight in Vietnam did not go willingly. The war, overall, was not popular in the United States. In fact, there were massive, sometimes violent protests against it — 4 students at my alma mater of Kent State University lost their lives in 1970 protesting this war.

The U.S. government enacted a draft to conscript troops to send over to Southeast Asia in 1969, and most of the soldiers sent there had no choice. This of course doesn't excuse the inhumane things that some of them did; but it's worth remembering that there are always two sides to every story — especially when war is involved.

In many cases, the American troops suffered just as much as the Vietnamese did. They developed drug addictions. They suffered traumas. They, too, were affected by things like Agent Orange. Most Americans today will agree that the Vietnam War was a war we should have never been fighting.

But these are things that museums and tourist attractions in Vietnam will barely tell you, if at all.

War Remnants Museum, Saigon

Before I went to Vietnam, I had a lot of people expressing concerns for my safety.

After all, I was an American traveling to Vietnam. Wouldn't that be dangerous?

Well actually, no. Yes, it's true that the American soldiers who fought here decades ago are still hated in many parts of Vietnam. And some people (perhaps like my guide at the Cu Chi Tunnels) still harbor sour feelings toward the U.S.

But, in most places, nobody had anything bad to say about my being an American. I felt welcomed. I felt safe. I won't say that they've forgotten… just that they are moving past it and realizing that I am not the one responsible for the bombs that fell in their country all those years ago. Other than that one tour guide at the Cu Chi Tunnels, I did not meet one person in Vietnam who narrowed their eyes at me upon learning that I was American.

The people of this country realize that not all Americans are evil, and are able to differentiate between me (a tourist interested in learning about their country) and the American government that sent boys with guns here 40 years ago.

The problem is that the government-run museums and tourist attractions don't really reflect this attitude.

Kids in Vietnam

So what's the whole point of this post? Well, to be honest, I'm not sure I have one. War is never an easy topic to address, especially a war with such confusing motivations and devastating consequences.

Visiting the Cu Chi Tunnels and the War Remnants Museum forced me, an American, to look at the Vietnam War slightly differently. They forced me to see it through other eyes — eyes of the locals, and eyes of non-American tourists, many of whom were learning about the conflict for the first time.

Did the one-sidedness bother me? Yes. But did it also make me look in the hypothetical mirror a bit differently? Yes, it did that, too.

Vietnam countryside

I don't have a solution for dealing with tourist sites like the Cu Chi Tunnels and War Remnants Museum. Do I believe that these places are biased in the information they share and the manner in which it is presented? Yes, I definitely do.

But do I, as an American, have any right to demand that they be changed?

No, I don't believe that I do.

All I ask is that, if you visit these places yourself, keep in mind that you are only being shown part of the story.

And remember that these types of propaganda-heavy attractions do not necessarily reflect the overall opinions of people living in Vietnam today.

Have you been to any of these sites? Would you want to go as an American?



*Note: I visited these sites as part of a complimentary tour of Vietnam and Cambodia with Intrepid Travel. The guide at the Cu Chi Tunnels mentioned in this post was not affiliated with Intrepid at all. As always, opinions and observations are completely my own.

"It's a dangerous business, going out your door. You step onto the road, and, if you don't keep your feet, there's no telling where you might get swept off to." - JRR Tolkien

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85 Comments on “An American in Vietnam

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  1. Very interesting post especially as an American reader. You brought up a very valid point that so many of the American soldiers who fought there went unwillingly and for many who returned home, were never able to get over what they had experienced, both physically and mentally.

    Not to mention, tourism overall plays such an important role in creating cultural understanding and eradicating stereotypes. I’m such a firm believer in this!

      I SO agree that tourism is one of the best ways to spread cultural understanding and acceptance. Unfortunately, places like the Cu Chi Tunnels and War Remnants Museum kind of go against that – which is perhaps why they bothered me so much.

    This is a brilliant post Amanda. I had the exact same experience visiting the Cu Chi tunnels, with the guides constantly talking about the American Killer Heroes.

    It made me feel really uncomfortable, even though I’m not American. I didn’t think that the attitude was appropriate to describe, what is effectively torture chambers.

    However, all that I knew about the Vietnam war comes from Hollywood movies, so my knowledge prior to the visit was probably a little one-sided too.

    You are totally right, there are always two sides to every story and I would like to see the guides giving a more rounded perpective. Whilst I think the ‘other’ side is good to hear, I don’t think every American should feel under attack whilst visiting and I’d like to see those attitudes change.

      Thanks so much, Helen. It was a difficult post to write, but I’m glad I tackled it in the end.

      Interesting that you had a similar guide at the Tunnels. Honestly, if our guide hadn’t been so biased I would have had a very different experience there – and it sounds like you would have, too.

      I don’t know that any attraction in Vietnam will tell a “balanced” story anytime soon – maybe ever. Not that they should be required to, of course. But people go to museums and things like that in order to learn. And I’m not sure how much learning can really go on in a place that only tells half a story.

        You tackled it very well! x

    This is a really good post, Amanda, and it’s really interesting to hear your thoughts. I’m not American (I’m Australian, and Australia also conscripted troops to the war effort) but I think I had quite a different experience to you. My guide at the Cu Chi Tunnels was brilliant, very balanced (although I hate that you can pay money to shoot AK47s onsite, it just seems like poor taste).

    I went to the War Remnants Museum with a really open mind – I have a master’s in history and have studied the war in great detail, so I had been told to be wary of the propaganda. I didn’t actually find that the museum was very one-sided – for example, there was a large exhibit in the main hall which documented the anti-war protests around the world.

    Of course, you can’t help but see that the museum focuses on Vietnam’s version of events, but that is probably what we should expect. There is not an exhibit on conscripted Ottoman troops during World War I at the Australian War Memorial. It doesn’t talk about German troops in either of the world wars, or even talk about the tens of millions of Soviets who died in the war, who were actually on the Allied side!

    Why not? Because it’s a national memorial, just like the War Remnants Museum. The difference here – I think – is the audience. I hardly saw any Vietnamese at the museum, it was mainly foreign visitors whose countries were on the opposing side of the war (either by having troops on the ground or simply by their ideology).

    But, the museum is designed to make us think and I definitely think we have! Thanks for writing this, I’m still getting my thoughts in order more than a year after visiting 🙂

      That’s good to hear that there are good guides at the Cu Chi Tunnels, too! (Though I’m with you on the shooting guns part… it does indeed seem to be in poor taste.)

      Interesting point on the War Remnants Museum being more of a memorial – but one that mostly foreigners visit. I hadn’t thought of it that way. I’ve been to other memorials (and non-American ones too), but I don’t remember any of them being quite so graphic!

      But yes, these places definitely do make you think, which is never a bad thing.

      And, have said all of this, I still loved Vietnam a lot!

    Such a thoughtful post Amanda. I really appreciated reading it.
    I had a similar experience in Vietnam, and especially when I visited the museum. My Dad fought in the war so I read the Vietnamese descriptions of the actions of the American (or in my Dad’s case – Australian) soldiers knowing my Dad was there. But on the other side I’ve read the letters my Dad sent back to his parents about his experience and talked to him about it so I know what you mean when you make the point there are two sides to every story.
    But, despite my personal connection to the Vietnam War, no museum has made me think more about war and its consequences than visiting the memorial and museum in Hiroshima. If you get a chance to go there I have a feeling you’ll be writing a similar article about that too.

      I’m sure having a Vietnam vet in your family gives you a unique perspective, Megan. And it’s good you were able to take that into account when visiting places like this in Vietnam.

      I’ve heard really great things about the memorial and museum in Hiroshima. From what I’ve heard, it’s done very thoughtfully. It’s definitely a place I hope to be able to visit someday.

    Great post Amanda, I’m really happy you tackled such a complicated and controversial topic. Unsurprisingly I feel the same way as you when presented with these kinds of places traveling. I’m glad you didn’t gloss over the hard bits and gave an honest account of everything 🙂

      I wrote so many different versions of the post, and kept having anxiety over whether it was sounding too defensive or something. After all, in complaining about one-sided-ness, I didn’t want to present my own one-sided argument. I’m glad it turned out okay in the end!

    Great post, Amanda. I can tell that you thought about this for quite some time. It’s such an interesting dilemma, traveling as an American. True, we can’t be held responsible for what our country has done–especially what happened before we were born. BUT at the same time, we can’t deny that the privileges we have as Americans are partially built on some of these questionable (and occasionally outright horrible) decisions our leaders have made. So, even if we are not responsible we have benefitted at others’ expense…I think the important thing is recognizing our privilege and being respectful of others’ versions of events–sort of like how, as a white person, I shouldn’t feel guilty about slavery (afterall, my ancestors were not even in the states during slavery), but I should acknowledge my white privilege and how I have benefited from it. Anyway, deep stuff, thanks for writing!

      I totally agree with you, Syd. Traveling in general has definitely made me aware of just how many doors can be opened by my American passport. Though, there’s a distinct difference between taking responsibility for something and simply being aware of and acknowledging things that have happened in the past and the consequences those things have led to.

      At the end of the day, education is important. And traveling to places like this has to be viewed as an educational experience – it certainly was for me!

    You’ve put together a solid post here with some interesting points of view from a couple of different sides. Having studied the Vietnam war quite a bit I just wanted to share a couple points of insight here that might help clarify a couple of things. Firstly when you look at Vietnam today it’s a unified country, but at the time of the American/Vietnam War the country was plainly divided into South and North Vietnam much like North and South Korea are today. The American involvement in Vietnam was brought about by several core factors. There was a concern that if Communism spread throughout the entire country of Vietnam it would then cause a “domino effect” and result in the entire Indochinese peninsula turning red. Remember the war started in the late 50’s at the tail end of the second “red scare” (mcCartyhyism etc) and less than a decade after the end of the Korean War, not the mid 60’s like popularly believed.
    American Involvement began when the South Vietnamese govt requested assistance and the US sent clandestine “advisers” (early special forces units etc) to teach and train South Vietnamese forces on how to combat against the North Vietnamese forces (NVA). As the war effort escalated and troop levels increased the conflict then grew to it’s enormous scale. Eventually the US pulled out in the early 70’s which resulted in the fall of Saigon to Hanoi and it’s renaming to Ho Chi Minh City. When you look at these museums, memorials, and other tidbits of war propaganda it’s important to remember that none of it represents the side of the South Vietnamese nation which we were defending.

      Thanks for those helpful additions! And yes, you’re right that these places don’t represent the South Vietnamese side – because it’s always so closely tied to the “American side.” But, like I said in my post, I don’t think these places represent the attitudes of most Vietnamese today, period.

      In fact, I asked various tour guides I had throughout Vietnam about the division and the war and all that. And not only did they say that most Vietnamese today have more hostile feelings toward the Chinese than they do toward Americans, but they also said that most Vietnamese don’t view the country as having been quite so “divided” into North and South as we usually learn over on this side of the world. It was very much a governmental division, from the sounds of it.

      I’m very surprised that your studies of Vietnam war did not reveal key historical facts which guide better understanding of complex tragedy:
      . The US involved in Vietnam war right after WWII, financing 90% of the French return costs and provided air covers for French forces at the famous Dien Bien Phu battle which ended French colonial connection. Furthermore, the US armed and trained the 1st organized Communist (Viet Minh) army to fight against Japanese occupation forces on behalf on the Allies. In 1945, after the defeat and withdrawal of Japanese Imperial army, Ho Chi Minh claimed Vietnam’s independence and requested the US support but we turned him down. Bottom line: the US financially and militarily entered Vietnam, politically picked side and had deep knowledge of complicated post-colonial Vietnam. We knew what we were doing in Vietnam since 1945.
      . After the Geneva agreement in 1954, Vietnam was divided into (Communist) North and South where the US totally replaced French as the new care taker and architect of South East Asian fortress against Communist’s domino spread. We financed and established the Republic of (South) Vietnam with the 1st president ( Ngo Dinh Diem) of our choice. We were there when the term of the Geneva agreement for national election (1956) was dismissed for fear of a Communist victory – non combat advisers or not. We replaced President Diem (in fact, he was assassinated in 1962) when he failed to stem the growing tide of political / military resistance and denied our direct involvement. Of course, the replacement governments of South Vietnam requested more and more of our combat assistance and like they say, the rest is history!
      . Yes, South Vietnam was a nation that created and paid for by us with some short but tragic history. A history peppered with imposed will by a superpower, lack of self-determination and eventual betrayals. No, the US did not just pull out: it abandoned South Vietnam, taking with it almost 2 millions newly minted citizens. They are, after all the histories of South Vietnam scattered throughout the US with practically no right to be represented in museums, memorials… of today’s Vietnam.

        Further proof that the situation (and the history) is not as simple as some people believe. Then again, the politics in Southeast Asia in general are a bit of a mess, filled with corruption and puppet governments to this day.

        Thank you for the excellent summary. I wish more people took the time to learn the true history.

        Thanks for posting this information. I wouldn’t have been able to word it as well. My mom is from South Vietnam. And I can tell you, the Vietnamese people in the South LOVE the Americans. My mother and grandfather are more patriotic than most Americans. I don’t think most Americans who did not support what Americans were trying to do there have any idea how the South was suffering. I am so grateful my family has had the opportunity to come to the United States! They are all so grateful for all my dad, an American soldier has done for my family.

    Fascinating post. I think tourist attractions like this are important to remind us of what happened in the past and hopefully keep these kinds of mistakes from happening again, but it can make for some discomfort too. When we were in Hawaii it was interesting to watch the video at Pearl Harbor in a room full of American and Japanese tourists because of the palpable discomfort, and then watch a video at another museum about what Americans did to the native Hawaiians and feel discomfort there.

      There is always discomfort when it comes to painful history like this. But I always think it’s worth it, in the end.

    Well done Amanda ,you make me want to go again and re evaluate..I didn’t know much at all about the war when I went on that tour..\travel and writers like you.are so educating .A great post Amanda thank you .

      Thanks so much, Robin. Comments like this one mean a lot. Travel, for me, is such an educational experience. And so being able to learn things and then share them on my blog is such a great thing!

    Beautifully written, a very interesting read for me, also an American who recently traveled in Vietnam. Like you I did not experience any anti-American sentiment from the people during my time in Vietnam. In fact many were interested and excited when I told them where I was from. One woman hugged and kissed my cheeks and told me that her grandfather, whom she never met, was an American. The War Museum in Saigon I will admit is quite nationalistic, however I have to disagree that they did not acknowledge US protests against the war. On the first floor of the museum there is an entire section with photos of protests, statements by those who publicly burned themselves, and even the war medals donated by an American soldier with an apology letter. Walking through the museum, generally I felt like my education system had brushed over the devastation of the war. The fact that people born today are still being affected by agent orange and that Cambodia is still covered in land mines is absolutely horrific and totally unacceptable. I left feeling much more frustrated with the US government than with Vietnam. However, perhaps that’s just how strong their propaganda was? Either way, the guide making those comments is so not cool and I would have been peeved myself.

      The legacy of the Vietnam War is indeed horrific and unacceptable – especially since the U.S. government has largely pushed most of it under the rug. I think the average American, though, sees it much more like you and I. Leaving these places being frustrated at the U.S. I think is the point; a totally understandable reaction. They definitely made me re-think things, too.

    I didn’t have the chance to visit the museum, but I did make it to the tunnels. I had a lot of the same feelings, and I’m not sure I ever made complete sense of it.

    I do remember people telling me how, “you can always just tell people you are Canadian” or other American tourists doing the same. To me that was just so ridiculous. It’s like you are assuming you are actually guilty when you do that.

    No matter where you go, the people of a country are not a direct reflection of the government at all.

    Great post!

      I HATE when Americans go around telling people they are Canadian! I’m glad you didn’t; I would never dream of doing it, either. Mostly because, like you said, the locals usually don’t hold it against you, even if they aren’t a fan of our government.

    I am really sorry to hear that. I do not agree with you. I’m polish (so I know something about war crimes, plus I’ve got MA in History) and I must admit that attitude prevalent in Vietnam is extremely positive towards Americans.
    I dont base my opinion only on my experience but I am also taking into consideration voices of others (I talked with both Vietnamese and Americans).
    For example, I met a former American marine in Vietnam who fought in Vietnam war and he was travelling and visiting “the old” places. He said that the whole country “welcomed” him very positively and he didnt get the feeling you got after visiting the museum and Cu Chi tunnels. Above all, the museum is not one sided! There is a room showing protests and support even from the US, thus not the whole country was supporting the war etc…it makes an impression that you had already had an opinion before visiting it).
    I know it is a hard topic (it is disappointing you do not understand why Americans got involved, it is basic understanding of the Cold War and its strategies) and you tried to cover all the aspects, however I feel like you really dont realize how fast those people forgot (got over) the Americans and all the horrible crimes they commited like…40-50 years go…

      I’m not sure you read my entire post, Dagmara. I clearly state at the end that, in general, the *people* of Vietnam are welcoming and open to Americans. I agree that the overall attitude in Vietnam is positive toward Americans these days, which honestly amazes me.

      As for my personal experiences… well, they are just that – MY experiences. I had a very poor guide at the Cu Chi Tunnels, which obviously colored my experience there. I’ve talked to plenty of others who had similar experiences, though – you can see their comments on this post, too.

      And I think if you talked to most Americans (even those who do understand “Cold War strategies”) they would have a hard time explaining why we invaded Vietnam in a way that actually makes it sound like it was necessary.

        It really astonished me that most Americans would have hard time explaining why you invaded Vietnam in a way that makes it sound like it was necessary…wait a moment, this is a basic knowledge of the Cold War strategies, namely the containment doctrine. I dont know how and why somebody could not explain it to you. Americans wanted to keep Laos neutral and North Vietnam didnt make it easy. It is a complex geopolitic situation that covers many aspects…like actions of Soviet Union, Communist China, situation in Europe..etc
        I see that you had a bad guide, but I dont see that you had a bad experience. You claim that positive attitude was prevalant and you were amazed with it, however I got the impression that the historic encounter made you feel uncomfortable and your thoughts are still not clarified (you give a critique opinion about Vietnam or their beliefs (“Americans are made out to be monsters” it is a really subjective thought), but then somehow you repel some of it or the example does not show the full image): “But what these places don’t tell you is that the majority of young Americans sent to fight in Vietnam did not go willingly.” The 1970 protests (and others all around the world) were covered in the Museum.

          I’m not going to argue with you, Dagmara. That’s not what this post (or my site) is about. Thank you for your input, but please respect that I am entitled to interpret my own personal experience. It is perfectly possible, I think, to have both a positive attitude towards Vietnamese people and Vietnam, and yet an uncomfortable experience at a few specific sites. The same was true for me in Cambodia. I’m sorry that I do not also hold an MA in history. Mine is in tourism.

    I had a similar reaction while in Vietnam. The war still felt very present in the country’s mindset and I found the Cu Chi Tunnels and War Remnants Museum to be super one-sided. In fact, I had originally planned on seeing the DMZ too but after the sites in Saigon I thought it would be just more of the same. But like you, I also felt very welcomed by almost everyone I met. I felt safe. I learned a lot! I’d love to go back some day but I’d probably skip all the war sites next time.

      Yeah, I’m not sure if I would visit these specific places again either, but I will most definitely return to Vietnam someday! I loved the country.

    My dad was one of those American soldiers who fought in Vietnam unwillingly. I never even knew until I was about eight years old. I was helping to clean out the attic and found his Purple Heart. I still don’t know how he earned it even – my mom explained what it was, but my dad does not talk about his time in Vietnam. It’s a very painful time for him to remember even all these years later. My own husband is serving in the US military and has been deployed to places like Afghanistan, yet my dad won’t talk about his experiences.

    Some Americans indeed committed horrific acts in Vietnam, but many were involuntarily there and still suffer today of PTSD from the horrific things they saw (though that term certainly didn’t exist back then).

      Yes there’s no doubt that American soldiers sent over there suffered, too. And that fact that many Americans were so horrible to them when they returned home… that embarrasses me, too.

    Very well written, tasteful, and thought-provoking post. Thank you so much for sharing your experience.

    Happy travels 🙂

      Thanks so much, Lauren. This one took me a long time and I really had no idea what sort of response it would get. So glad it’s making people think.

    What Kenin says is true, and it took a lot of research, misunderstanding and annoying question asking for me to even be able to answer that question or wrap my head around the scope of the entire war. In a sentence, the Americans got involved to prevent the spread of communism.

    I spent three weeks in Vietnam altogether and I used my time there as a history lesson. I spoke to people, did research, visited the war memorials, and I learned an unbelievable amount about Vietnam and its people, as well as my own country. Perspective is very important, and it’s something that many people lose when they travel.

    I found the Vietnamese to be resilient and beautifully underspoken people. As for visiting Vietnam, the war should not be a detracting factor. Instead, I’d like to see people use it as a platform to learn and move forward and to understand their role within the rest of the world.

      I agree that perspective makes such a difference, and it’s great that you used your time in Vietnam as a big history lesson.

      I came to the same conclusions as you about Vietnam and it’s people – it’s all beautiful. And you’re right that the war should not be a detracting factor at all to visiting. I’m so glad I went.

    I think you are very thoughtful, but defensive and unrealistic. However, if I can make you feel better with some facts:
    . These government-run propaganda tourist sites are very small parts of thousands of attraction establishments featuring long Vietnam history (4,000 years) and designed for Vietnamese and non-Vietnamese alike. Roughly 66% of Vietnamese are under 40 years old, born after the war ended and 75% of visitors are Vietnamese citizens. They had to be reminded of what and how they lost 2 millions people in the war, pushed back 30 years of development and still suffer residual effects today. These museums are, of course 1 sided and represent the official view only.
    . In Hanoi, they have a war museum called ” International Friendship and Solidarity” where they feature documents, dates of milestones, souvenirs and pictures of numerous anti-war events, war support of friendly nations throughout the world. Prominent anti-war Americans are often invited to Vietnam for significant anniversaries and the 4 Kent State students were named. Several Vietnamese books about the war by senior North and South politicians attributed drafted soldiers, former GI’s and anti-war movement in the US amongst others as contributors to their victory.
    . Despite supposedly more free and open society in the US vs. more state directed information availability in Vietnam, when compared to American, Vietnamese are able to separate American government acts and American people more readily and their lack of resentment for the US past atrocities either prove 1) Propaganda don’t always work or American propaganda are more affective. 2) Vietnamese have more tolerance capacity than their American counterpart.

      My aim was not to come off as defensive. But, it’s also worth noting that this post is ONLY talking about those two propaganda-heavy sites that I visited, and my personal experience there as an American. I do agree that these sites are probably geared more towards Vietnamese visitors and of course they only show the “official” state-sponsored view. But the fact is that people other than Vietnamese visit these places, too. This was just my experience with them.

      No need to make me feel better, however, because I don’t believe there’s anything for me to feel bad about with this post. 🙂

    What an incredible post! I really applaud you for touching on some topics that are deemed controversial. I couldn’t have agreed more with everything you wrote.

      Thanks, Andi. It’s by no means a perfect post, but I feel like it reflects my experience, so I’m happy with it!

    I honestly don’t know how your guide wouldn’t be ‘biased’. He’s from a country that got bombed into a living hell by America, – a country that was involved in a war it should never have been involved in – and instead of fighting a ‘ground war’ on the same terms as the Vietnamese, America fought a ‘coward’s war’ by dropping literally millions of tons of chemicals and bombs mostly on innocent civilians – rice farmers, buffalo herders, men, women and children living in tiny, secluded villages in the middle of the jungle who were doing nothing but trying to live their lives, and then 40 years later Americans have the audacity to say ‘our guide was biased’ or the museums made Americans seem like monsters?

    The American army WERE monsters. The massacres, the rapes, the pillaging, the murders of tens of thousands of children and on and on and on.

    The Vietnam War, or the American War as the Vietnamese call it, was one of the most brutal examples of atrocities the world has ever seen, and that it was whitewashed in the American news media does not, in this day and age, excuse any American from looking for the real truth of what the US military did.

    And, if you think the US has changed, try talking to just about anyone in Iraq or Afghanistan, where the US has continued to perpetrate its atrocities on a huge percentage of their populations.

    I spent 22 years living in the US and was thankful to leave when I finally did, as it’s this attitude so many Americans have to what their country does in their name that simply makes me ill.

      It’s unfair to call all American soldiers monsters, whether in the Vietnam war or others. Soliders from other countries have done equally terrible things in times of war. I am NOT defending the Vietnam War. I, too, think it was a huge mistake. Just as I think it is a mistake for us to currently be involved in the Middle East. But that has nothing to do with this post or discussion…

      I’m not trying to whitewash anything. But I’m also not attempting to vilify any one side. I’m simply presenting my personal experience and trying to make sense of it through writing. Shouldn’t that be a good thing?

    I am not American, but reading this post made me angry inside, I think this is what these kind of subjects do. Usually war, religion and politics are not subjects comfortable to aproach and best to be avoided, as it can lead to polemics and even ruining friendships. It’s unfortunate how we all live on the same planet and each and every country makes general statements about the others, many of them based on misinformation and generalisation. Americans should not be judged for what happened in Vietnam, because it was not a national decision, but the decision of the leaders.many, like you, are wise enough to realize that what happened in Vietnam was not a good thing. War is Never a good thing. It’s nice that you went there, is n ice to seek the truth, even though sometimes the thruth differs accordig to the side that presents it 🙂 travelling showed me, as I am sure that you noticed too, that one of the most uncomfortable things when meeting foreigners is prejudice, either towards me, or the prejudice I have towards them, often not justified, of course. But also travelling has taught me that we are all humans, individuals, and a country should not be judged for some bad leaders making wrong decisions, or because some people ruined the reputation of their country. I like that you tried to write the article in a impartial manner, trying to state facts without being totally dragged into personal emotions, and you write good, I am a big fan of yours 🙂 I actually checked your site today to relax, I didn’t think I will find such a “heavy” topic 😀

      Well come back tomorrow for a much lighter post, Corina! 😉

      I’m glad you stayed to read the post, even if it wasn’t what you were expecting to find. And thanks for your thoughtful comment. A Mark Twain quote comes to mind in regards to what you wrote: “Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness.” I fully agree with that; travel has certainly opened my eyes to how similar we all are, no matter where we come from or what religion we practice.

        Oh, yes I remember that quote, it’s a good one, and true! 🙂


    I really enjoyed this post. Even as a non-american I felt a similar discomfort when visiting. It is the pride in the actions that people are forced to take that were the most disconcerting. Especially the newsreel celebrating the woman who killed numerous soldiers.
    But after a little introspection and a bit more learning I began to understand it. Vietnam is a country that has historically had to defend itself from numerous attacks, it prides itself on its ability to do this and persevere in these circumstances. Once I realised this, I began to accept it for what it is deep down. A celebration of ingenuity and their peoples spirit.
    Although I don’t agree with it ( in fact, I still find it quite disconcerting) I accepted it. There is obviously still some deep down animosity towards Americans in some circles and it does spill through but I do think it is as much a celebration of the above as it is finger wagging at the US.
    Now, whether I agree with having that message ingrained in the national psyche is a different story.

      A very thoughtful comment, Martin, and I understand completely what you mean. I, too, understand why these places are presented that way in the end, but that didn’t stop me from feeling a bit uncomfortable while visiting them. But I think that’s okay. Sometimes being forced to think about things differently – and maybe be a bit uncomfortable – is a good thing, especially when traveling.

    I had to cut my trip to Vietnam short, so I didn’t make it down there. But I did go to the Hanoi Hilton, which certainly portrays things differently than we’ve been taught. I never learned as much about the Vietnam War as you did in high school for some reason, but I wish we had. I agree that it was a war we never should’ve gotten involved with, like so many other wars and conflicts our country seems to think they have to jump into. I’m glad you had mostly good experiences with the people you met in Vietnam. Most people throughout the world are pretty good at separating a country’s citizens from its government.

      Yes, it’s always quite crazy to me that Americans – who seem to get into more foreign conflicts than anyone else – can’t seem to differentiate between a people and their government. I blame our media, mostly, but I agree that elsewhere in the world people seem to have no problem doing this!

    I had a similar experience in Sarajevo with a guide telling the tour bus that it was America’s fault for not stopping the bombings- and he said a couple mean remarks about Americans knowing my friend and I were. But the city as a whole, everyone was really nice. I can imagine tour guides who talk about war every day are a little jaded.

      Yes, you are right, I’m sure. That, and I think after a while it would be difficult to not let your personal opinions seep into your guiding.

    I have to say I enjoyed this post a lot. I haven’t been to Vietnam yet, but my uncle served over there. He is still suffering from PTSD and the effects of Agent Orange exposure. He doesn’t talk about his service in the Army. Ever. I’ve learned to never ask about it.

    In my many travels though, I have visited some sites of remembrance, the most compelling was ground zero in Nagasaki. Wow. Absolutely incredible. I still don’t know how to put into words my feelings and thoughts from my visit almost 4 years ago. I came away from that experience feeling more educated, yet feeling a deep sense of regret over what my government did. On that same trip, I also visited several places sharing the history of the Hidden Christians in Japan. Some of the atrocities committed were on par with other acts of war…and these were against their own people!

    Out of all the traveling I have done, there is one thing that holds true…each country has its own “skeletons in its closet” and there is not a place I have been to that is completely innocent or has not taken human life unnecessarily.

    It is important to visit these sites. Perhaps we will learn one day and “Never Again” can be a possibility. I appreciated your reflection.

      I definitely agree with you that every country has those “skeletons in the closet.” It’s so true. No country or government is innocent, and it’s definitely important to remember that.

      And I also agree that, no matter how uncomfortable they make us, places like this are definitely important for us to visit. And, as someone with a blog and an audience, I feel obligated to also write about these places!

    I chose not to visit either of those sites (though we did hit up the Reunification Palace). I also did visit some other sites around Hanoi with Vietnamese couchsurfers, and there were a couple awkward moments as I was also with a French girl – who of course was ashamed of what her country had done, even if she had nothing to do with it personally.

    I’m not going to pretend I know very much about the Vietnam war. My observation as an outsider is that I can understand how upsetting this must be for American visitors (simply putting myself into your shoes, I certainly would be upset, embarrassed, angry). But I am a bit baffled when they are *surprised* after visiting these sites. I wonder what they expected?

    I also do wonder what it is like for those guides to have to see these things and relive this part of history over and over again everyday. That can’t be good for their health and happiness.

      It’s certainly an upsetting topic for both sides, and not an easy topic to address – I wasn’t even sure I was going to write this post for quite a while!

    It’s a shame that the one guide in particular had such a negative attitude towards all Americans, but it’s nice to hear that you were treated so well during the rest of your travels around Vietnam. I think it’s a difficult balance when you find yourself feeling guilty for things committed by your country people in the past, but allowing yourself to learn from these things and be a better global citizen. It sounds like you’re doing a great job with that!

      Thanks, Laura! Overall, I rarely felt uncomfortable in Vietnam. But I knew it was worth writing about the one time that I did!

    I spent a lot of time in Vietnam. They really hate Americans and rightfully so due to US invasion of Vietnam. My Russian fellows from KGB did a great job assisting VC and as such, Russians are loved by the Vietnamese. At first they are apprehensive of me as they assume that I could be an imperialist American, but after they find out that I was born in Russia, VC become very friendly and we laugh about all the cool booby traps they designed for ignorant American rapists and murderers. But seriously, US asked for it and I don’t blame the Vietnamese being “biased” or whatever. I am surprised they even let US Citizens into Vietnam after what they did there. Be grateful that you are allowed to experience that wonderful country and don’t complain about the way you are treated. What I found in my travels is that, generally, people treat you exactly the way you deserve to be treated.

      Actually, I found most Vietnamese people really welcoming to me – even with me being American. People in other parts of the world do a much better job of separating a people from their government. I was not alive during the Vietnam war, so why should I be “punished” for something I had nothing to do with? I agree that it’s horrible what happened in Vietnam, and I’m certainly not proud of that. But I do NOT feel like I deserve to be treated poorly because of what some Americans did decades ago.

    Vietnamese people are really nice people. Actually the people are kind and respectful in entire southeast Asia (Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam). Americans and Vietnamese people met each other in wrong way. So just as you say, tourism is good for building strong relationships and understand each other.

    On the flip side, I’ve talked to many Vietnamese, especially living in HCMC, who speak *positively* of America’s involvement, and our “crime” to Vietnam was abandoning them and leaving them at the hands of the communists. There are people local to Saigon who remember, through their parents and grandparents, America as a friend who defended their freedoms.

    There are Vietnamese of Hue, who don’t have parents and grandparents, because they were executed for “anti-revolutionary” ideas, who’ve heard stories from their parents about their parent’s friends — children — being buried in mass graves.

    There are Vietnamese who remember why America was fighting in Vietnam better than America does.

    There’s videos documenting an *entire city* desperate for America’s protection as the North invaded Saigon. Videos of people chasing down an airplane taking off on their motorbikes to try to get on, people clinging onto the airplane as it enters the air and falling off.

    Videos of US Navy sailors pushing helicopters off their ships one after the other to make room for more helicopters to land, all full of refugees as America abandoned Vietnam. There were hundreds of helicopters full of refugees flying blindly into the pacific hoping to find anything away from the Viet Cong.

    America did some ugly things in Vietnam, but let’s not act like those weren’t done with good intentions. There’s a pretty good reason there are so many Vietnamese living in the US today.

    I suppose we can just be thankful the US held off power in Vietnam long enough so that the government could see the benefits of opening up, rather than the closed North Korea-like state it was originally.

    And let’s not act like it was US vs. Vietnam. We were invited to fight in a civil war. We were *allies* of Vietnam.

    I’m not against the current Vietnam government. Actually, I subscribe to communist principles. But I definitely think the Viet Cong were a people worth fighting against.

    It is simply not the case that the US invaded Vietnam without a reason, and it is ludicrous to claim that the majority of Americans believe this to be true.

    The stated purpose was to stem the spread of Communism. The East and Weat were involved in a battle for world dominance at the time. Does the Cold War ring a bell? This was not simply a war between the US and Vietnam. It was democratic forces versus communism. More directly, it was the US and allies coming to the aid of the people in southern Vietnam who wanted their country to be free and democratic.

    Of course, there are many who believe the war to have been unjust, regardless of its purpose. That is a debate which will go on forever. But, to claim that it is a mystery as to why the war occurred is incredibly uninformed.

    Furthermore, while certain tactics employed by the US were arguably inhumane, the barbarism of the traps employed by the enemy were just as bad, or worse. We, as a nation have decried the use of napalm etc. From your blog, it appears that the Vetnamese still take pleasure in the suffering that their booby traps inflicted on soldiers.

    You have such a sincere, down-to-earth writing style 🙂 I really enjoyed reading through everything. As a Vietnamese born, I must say that your points about the Vietnamese are very true.

    If you ever come back to Saigon and want to discover more historical sites, check out this article that I recently wrote:

    Hope you’ll like it!

      Thanks very much, Alexis. 🙂

    Nice article…but again there are always many different thoughts even within the American camp.
    I have studied the war in great detail. About 2/3 of the solders volunteered. Obviously more at the start of the war than later. The common theme was that the men felt a patriotic duty to serve just as their father/uncle had in WWII or Korea.
    Why were we there? Basically we became deeply involved back in the very early 50’s due to the communist attacks in Korea. We tried desperately to avoid the war, even offering large foreign aid to North Vietnam which they refused.
    People like to talk about My Lai which of course was bad but nothing compared to North Vietnams preplanned slaughter of thousands in Hue….the list goes on an on.
    With the spread of communism including Korea, USSR taking of eastern Germany/Eastern Europe in 1961 and the Cuban missile crisis in 1962, it would have been almost impossible for us to allow South Vietnam to “fall” without a fight.
    A common saying is that “we lost the battle but not the war.” I think ours should be,” We lost the war but not the battle.” We repaid USSR proxy war with our own in Afghanistan. The Soviet Union finally crumbled and what is left of Communism has adapted to a more “capitalist global enterprise.”

    This post reflects the worst of American exceptionalism, the belief that the US is different from and better than all other countries. As a result, your post makes some rather bizarre historical claims.

    Claim #1: American soldiers suffered, too. Yes, they did, but you have absolutely no sense of scale. Two million Vietnamese were killed in the 8 years of the American war; around 1 million Vietnamese were wounded; and around 300,000 are still missing. Plus the long-term effects of Agent Orange and all the bombs and mines left behind. The vast majority of these casualties were caused by the enormous military machine that the US used against a people who didn’t have the means to even come close to matching US firepower. There is no comparing the suffering of Americans and Vietnamese. It’s grotesque that you try to make this comparison

    Claim #2: You want us to focus on the actions of individual soldiers. That is so beside the point. US military policy in Vietnam was monstrous. The US pursued a body count strategy in Vietnam that sought to kill as many people as possible in the belief that doing so would eventually exhaust the NVA and NLF because they would run out of people to fight the war. See the documentary The Fog of War and Nick Turse’s Kill Anything that Moves. Any standard history of the American war will also discuss the body count strategy.

    Claim #3: you want to focus on American opposition to the war, but you exaggerate the level of opposition to the war both inside the US military and in the American civilian population. I’m not going to explain this to you. Instead, you should go read some books by reputable historians about the US in the 1960s and the Vietnam War.

    One of the previous comments in this thread asserted that South Vietnam invited the US to help them resist reunification of the country under a communist government after the 1954 Geneva Accords ended the war with France and expelled the French. This is a ridiculous claim.
    1. The US insisted that the country be split in 1954.
    2. The rationale for this inside the Eisenhower admin was that the country would never be unified.
    3. The US prevented the elections to reunify the country that the Geneva Accords called for in 1956 because the Eisenhower admin knew Ho Chi Minh would win an open election
    4. Eisenhower picked Ngo Dinh Diem to lead the new South Vietnam that the US created by insisting on the division of the country in 1954.
    5. Ergo, the South Vietnamese could not legitimately ask the US for anything because the US created South Vietnam.

    Claim # 5: you describe the content of the War Remnants Museum as “one sided anti-American propaganda.” I was at the museum 3 days ago and as an academic historian who has been studying Vietnam for several decades, l didn’t see anything that doesn’t appear in reputable histories of the Vietnam War or that was factually inaccurate. You might not like the story that the museum tells about the USA, but that doesn’t make it “propaganda.” You pointed out that some captions refer to the US military as the “American Killers.” Ok, what would you call a group of people who invaded the US and killed millions; killed civilians in droves, including women, children, and the Infirm; raped hundreds, maybe thousands of women; burned cities and towns to the ground; and sprayed millions and millions of gallons of a deadly herbicide that killed tens of thousands, caused dreadfully painful forms of cancer, remained in the water supply and soil for decades, and caused at least 300,000 children to be born with the most hideous birth defects you can imagine up to the current day? I’m sure you’d use a much stronger word than “killer.” I thought the curators of the War Remnants Museum let the US military off easy by merely calling them “killers.” Given all that the US did in Vietnam, furthermore, “killer” is an objectively accurate description. Look at what the US did and think of word(s) that accurately describe those actions. If the shoe fits …

    I also cannot figure out what the “other side” of the Vietnam War is. Do you think that there is a “side” that can justify killing millions; killing civilians in droves, including women, children, and the Infirm; raping hundreds, maybe thousands of women; burning villages to the ground; and spraying millions and millions of gallons of a deadly herbicide that killed tens of thousands, caused dreadfully painful forms of cancer, remained in the water supply and soil for decades, and caused at least 300,000 children to be born with the most hideous birth defects you can imagine up to the current day? All in the name of protecting a county– South Vietnam — that didn’t exist until the United States willed it into existence.

    Our country isn’t exceptional. Sometimes we are just wrong. Just like every other country.

    I have been to Vietnam two times, 2016 and 2017. Both times to Ho Chi Minh City.
    I found the Vietnamese people very welcoming and interested in America. Never felt in danger, I actually felt safer there than our USA cities. The War Remnants Museum is pretty one sided, but gave me some insight on their point of view that I never thought of before. I would recommend a visit.
    Keep an open mind, be polite ,don’t talk about politics.

    Dear Amanda,

    As a Vietnamese, I would like to send you our sorry for the confusion caused by those tourism sites.

    Those sites exist to serve one main purpose: to send an anti-war message to everyone. I means they are not meant to deliver any hate message to America or Americans. I have to admit, their original purpose were to propagate our victory over America. The War Remnants Museum was named the America and South Vietnam War Crimes Museum. But we and our government understood that you and your countryman was somehow mistakenly accused. We decided to focus on teaching people about war instead.

    Even in our history books, we recorded the American’s anti-war movement. Our books told us about young Americans forced to join the war against their will, and we appreciate all the good will.

    There was one thing we learnt to finish that war, was identifying the correct culprit that caused war to happen. It weren’t the Americans in this case, it was the America’s government at the time (nothing to do with the current government you have).

    Wars have always been, and will always be between governments. When war is over, only governments win. People and soldiers always loose. This is the ultimate lesson I learnt from our war. I would certainly hope everyone can learn the same thing.

      “When war is over, only governments win. People and soldiers always loose.” This is so, so true – thank you so much for sharing this perspective! It was my experience in Vietnam, too – the people were nothing but kind to me.

      ” There was one thing we learnt to finish that war, was identifying the correct culprit that caused war to happen. It weren’t the Americans in this case, it was the America’s government at the time …”
      It was the North Vietnamese government that invaded South Vietnam. If the North didn’t invade the South, there would’ve been no war. Simple as that.

        This is perhaps the dumbest thing I’ve ever heard someone say about the American war in Vietnam. Please read a book or two about the war. Frances Fitzgerald’s Fire in the Lake and George Herring’s America’s Longest War are good places to start.

          It’s a matter of basic fact.

          Geneva Conference split Vietnam into two nations — one “communist” and the other “republican”. North Vietnam didn’t like that situation, and thought they had the right to impose “communism” on all Vietnamese people, so they sponsored the Viet Cong (the Viet Cong were strongly bolstered by the Ho Chi Minh Trail, including a huge portion of their manpower) to attack American theaters and other “imperialist sympathizers” and invaded S. Vietnam directly.

          If it wasn’t for N. Vietnam, there would’ve been no war (as long as the U.S. kept its promise to back off and promote Vietnamese self-rule in S. Vietnam, and the corrupt S. Vietnamese government curtailed its corruption and become a true Republican government to maintain legitimacy).

            The Geneva Accord was a travesty, with the U.S. sticking its nose into something that was none of its business and insisting on a split Vietnam after the French lost their war to regain their colony in Indochina. Most Vietnamese, furthermore, did not want their country split in two. Otherwise, I’m not going to explain it to you, Corey. This is why you need to read some books.

    That toottallly explains the huge wave of migration from N. Vietnam to S. Vietnam (with the N. Vietnamese government arresting, detaining, and even shooting Vietnamese who tried to escape to the South), and it toottallly explains the decades of migration after the fall of Saigon of people trying to escape the N. Vietnamese government, lending to over 1 million Vietnamese living in the U.S. today.

    Even today, in S. Vietnam, you’ll find many veterans who think America’s crime in the Vietnam war was not being involved, but abandoning S. Vietnam to be taken over by the North.

      The migration went both ways, Ngo Dinh Diem ruled the south as a dictator with American blessing, and the U.S. prevented the elections that the Geneva Accords called for in 1956 from happening because the Eisenhower administration knew Ho Chi Minh would win. You also have to understand that more than a few Vietnamese collaborated with French colonial rule. Those people were in danger just as those who collaborated with the Americans in South Vietnam were in danger after 1973. It’s what happens after revolutions. Those in the American colonies who collaborated with the British — British loyalists — also were in danger at the conclusion of the American Revolution. Many loyalists left — went to Canada, British colonies in the Caribbean, or to Britain — and lost their property in the new USA in the process.
      This is why you need to read some books. Right now, you don’t know what you’re talking about.

    I am an American and will say this post is a very white privileged post.
    You were uncomfortable with the light shined on white people.
    What is the other side of the story? Yes, many American soldiers were sent against their will and became traumatized.
    But was it our land? Were millions of our civilians killed because another country wasn’t happy with what kind of government we had?
    No. So for you to say it was one sided is not okay. American aggression in Vietnam was NOT okay.
    Normal sane people will know a countries past aggressions don’t reflect all the citizens there. So there was no point in you even writing a post about it.

      I’m not sure you read my whole post. I was NOT saying the war in Vietnam was okay. The one-sided-ness I was referring to was how a museum was presented. Not the war itself. Never did I say that American aggression in Vietnam was okay. And as for your point that “Normal sane people will know a countries past aggressions don’t reflect all the citizens there,” well that’s clearly not true since I had a LOT of people asking me if it was okay to go to Vietnam as an American. In the US, we have a hard time separating the people of a country from their government (see: the Middle East), and many Americans assume this is true in other countries, too.

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