Everything You Need to Know About Visiting White Sands National Park

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When it comes to national parks in the U.S., you've probably heard of all the “big ones” – the Grand Canyon and Yellowstone and Yosemite… they're familiar to most Americans (and even to many non-Americans).

But the National Park Service manages much more than just national parks. In fact, the NPS manages more than 400 areas through the U.S., including national parks, monuments, battlefields, historic sites, lakeshores, and more.

And many of these are severely under-appreciated.

White Sands National Monument

Ever since I first saw photos of White Sands National Monument when I was in college, it was a place I knew I wanted to visit.

I mean, what's not to love about rolling acres of white sand dunes, right?

And as of December 20, 2019, White Sands is now officially White Sands National Park!

White Sands National Monument
Dunes at White Sands National Monument

White Sands lies in the Tularosa Basin in the northern end of the Chihuahuan Desert in southern New Mexico. It's made up of 275 square miles of gypsum sand dunes – in fact, it's the largest gypsum dune field in the world. The dunes were formed after the evaporation of an ancient sea and survive because of little rainfall and no way for water to flow out of the basin and take/dissolve the gypsum with it.

The first time you see the dunes, you'll do a double take, wondering whether you're looking at pure white sand or snow drifts.

Dune at White Sands National Monument
Sand, not snow!

Speaking of the first time you see the dunes, it took me quite a few years to make it to this part of New Mexico.

Even though I've dreamt of going for ages, the problem was that White Sands isn't exactly the most convenient place to get to. The closest city is Alamogordo, which is at least 3-4 hours from Albuquerque and requires you to have a car and some patience for driving through desolate landscapes and military missile ranges.

Because of this, it took a few years for me to finally get there.

But the wait was SO worth it.

White Sands National Monument
Sunset at White Sands National Monument

Visiting White Sands National Park

According to the National Park Service, the weather in the Tularosa Basin is usually clear – sunny skies for approximately 330 days out of the year, they say.

So imagine our surprise when my friend Lisa and I pulled up on a Saturday morning to find dark storm clouds and rumbles of thunder!

Storms clouds at White Sands National Monument
Storm at White Sands (yes, that's rain!)

Thankfully, we had also visited the park the evening before, when the skies had been mostly clear.

White Sands National Monument

Seeing the dunes in such contrasting conditions was interesting, though – the sand took on a totally different color under storm clouds.

White Sands National Monument

White Sands used to be a national monument. According to the NPS, “a national monument is intended to preserve at least one nationally significant resource, whereas a national park is usually larger and preserves a variety of nationally significant resources.”

At White Sands, it's the unique dune environment that's being preserved. The gypsum dunes are home to a unique ecosystem of plants and wildlife, many of which only exist here in the northern end of the Chihuahuan Desert.

Along with wanting to preserve the dunes themselves, the NPS decided to protect White Sands for scientific reasons, too – many scientists refer to this area as “a desert Galapagos” because of the rapid evolution that has taken place here. For example, both mammals and reptiles have adapted to the dune environment by “shedding their colors” and turning almost completely white in order to blend in with the surrounding environment.

White Sands National Monument in New Mexico

Plants, too, have adapted to survive in such a harsh environment. Some extend roots down far enough to reach water (meaning many are as tall as the dunes themselves); others “build” pedestals around themselves in order to stay on top of the shifting sand.

Mother Nature is pretty incredible, and visiting a place like this is a good reminder.

Sunset at White Sands National Monument

It's no wonder that this spot has since been made an official National Park.

Things to do at White Sands National Park

So what exactly does one DO at White Sands National Park? That's a great question. And the answer is – pretty much whatever you want!

Here are a few things you can (and should) do at White Sands:

1. Climb the dunes

The towering walls of white might look daunting, especially if you've climbed other dunes before made of loose sand (and maybe possibly thought you were going to die in the process). But the dunes at White Sands are actually fairly wet beneath the surface, meaning they're incredibly easy to walk on (and also aren't likely to burn your bare feet).

Drive all the way to the back of the park where the loop is. Then pick a place to park and get climbing!

Dunes at White Sands National Monument
Climbing the dunes at White Sands

2. Go sand sledding

Some of the dunes are steep enough to resemble hills of snow, and you're bound to see people armed with plastic sleds on at least a few of them. This is absolutely allowed – and even encouraged! – at White Sands.

You can either bring your own sled, or purchase one at the visitor's center on your way in.

White Sands National Monument

3. Have a picnic

You're free to bring food into the park (so long as you dispose of your garbage!), and there are some funky covered picnic tables in the loop section of the main road.

Picnic table at White Sands National Monument

4. Take a free hike with a Ranger

There are hikes you can tackle on your own at White Sands, but if you're only going to do one, I would recommend the Sunset Stroll. This is a free one-hour guided hike through the dunes before dusk where you'll learn about the area's geology and flora/fauna and then be in a perfect position to watch the sun set over the sand.

Check out all the Ranger Programs at White Sands here.

White Sands National Monument in New Mexico

5. Watch the sunset

Speaking of sunset, you don't want to miss it! The dunes turn shades of blue and pink under the setting sun, and, believe it or not, you won't have to compete with tons of other people to watch since there are plenty of dunes with great vantage points.

Sunset at White Sands National Monument
Sunset at White Sands National Monument

Tips for visiting White Sands

Here are a few essential tips for visiting White Sands National Park:

  1. Bring water – DON'T underestimate how quickly you can become dehydrated in a desert environment like this. While there are some picnic tables and porta-potties out in the dunes, there's nowhere to buy food or water. Be sure to stock up on water beforehand (buy some at the visitor's center if you don't have any), especially if you plan to do any amount of hiking. People have died here because they went hiking in 100-degree heat with no water – don't be one of those people!
  2. Beware the sun – To go along with the above tip, be sure to apply (and re-apply) sunscreen, too. With 330 sunny days per year and a surface that reflects sunlight right up into your face, this is an easy place to get a sunburn.
  3. Go early or late in the day – It can get HOT here (it is a desert, after all), so to avoid the highest temperatures, go early in the morning or later in the day. Lisa and I went around 4 p.m. and stayed until dark in early October, and the temperatures were just about perfect.
  4. Go more than once – It costs $5 per person to visit White Sands, but your “ticket” is good for up to one week. If you're driving all the way to Alamogordo anyway, you may as well stay overnight and visit the dunes at least twice. (There are hotels like a Holiday Inn Express and Hampton Inn in Alamogordo.)
  5. Check for closures – White Sands National Park is right next to the White Sands Missile Range, so closures for military missile tests are not uncommon. In order to make sure you aren't surprised, be sure to take a look at the planned closures ahead of time.
White Sands National Monument in New Mexico
Sunset at White Sands National Monument

It took me years to finally make it to White Sands – but the wait was well worth it. The dunes are just as incredible in real life as they look in photos (in fact, they were even softer and cooler than I'd imagined), and the fact that we didn't have to compete with thousands of other tourists made the experience felt like it was all ours.

I haven't been to EVERY National Park Service-managed area in the U.S., of course, but I have to wonder if White Sands might be one of the most underrated. You don't hear a ton about it, and yet it's one of the most unique and beautiful protected areas I've had the pleasure of visiting.

Needless to say, if you can make a trip to White Sands National Park while you're in New Mexico, DO IT!

Have you ever heard of White Sands? Would you like to go?

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"It's a dangerous business, going out your door. You step onto the road, and, if you don't keep your feet, there's no telling where you might get swept off to." - JRR Tolkien

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63 Comments on “Everything You Need to Know About Visiting White Sands National Park

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  1. I had never heard of it, thanks for writing about this park. It looks beautiful but alien! Incredible there a plants growing there, nature is strong and clever:-)

      Nature is amazing! It’s incredible what it can manage to overcome.

    I actually visited White Sands, probably about 15 years ago! Totally agree, it is a beautiful place!

      Nice! Most people I talk to have never heard of it! Glad to hear you enjoyed it, too!

    This place looks stunning! I’ve seen precious little of the US’s amazing national parks and definitely need to change that – starting here!

      There are a TON of NPS-managed spots in the US that I haven’t visited yet, either! But I try to see at least one new place/region in my own country every year. ๐Ÿ™‚

    Wow! Like most non-US travellers our visits to America have mainly focused around cities.Your photos have made me revise the wish list for our next trip!

      The US is so much more than its big cities! The quiet, natural places like this are definitely my favorites. ๐Ÿ™‚

    I’m always amazed that such beautiful things exist in the US because you never hear about them! These white sands look amazing and I can only imagine what it’s like up close. Definitely adding it to my to-do list. Thank you for sharing!

      Yup, there are so many corners of the US that go largely unheard of! I’m glad I could introduce so many people to this one. ๐Ÿ™‚

    It would be much closer to fly to El Paso, TX. From there, it’s just a 1.5 hr drive.

      Good tip! My friend I was traveling with lives in Santa Fe, so it made much more sense for me to fly into northern New Mexico in this case.

    I’ve never actually heard of this place to be honest, but it looks absolutely stunning!

      I’m glad I wrote about it, then! It seems like quite a few people have never heard of it!

    This place looks like a part of Mars, not of Earth ๐Ÿ˜›

    Its amazing how many smaller places there are to explore in any country. One of my favourite places in the world, and definitely in Australia is this national park near where I grew up and most people don’t know it exists! I think I prefer it that way for the time being.

      And it’s especially true in large countries, like the US or Canada or Australia. There’s no way to ever truly explore it all!

    Wow! I didn’t know about this place, but it looks gorgeous.

      It’s pretty incredible! Glad I could introduce you to it!

    These pictures are very pretty. If I had the opportunity, I would definitely visit.

      I would highly recommend it! It’s not super easy to get to, but is SO worth it!

        There is also mountain resorts nearby to go see. Ruidoso and Cloudcroft for example, so there are several things to do in the 50 mile or less area. My whole family used.to spend many hours at the White Sands when we went to Alamogordo for family get togethers. The. Whole area is beautiful.

    Wow. We have some unexpecting landscapes in Thailand, but nothing like this. Super cool.

    Did you take a shot at sand sledding? Also, is there camping?

      I didn’t do any sand sledding (my contact lenses would have been wrecked if I’d gotten sand in my eyes!). As for camping, I think you can bring a tent if you plan to do some hiking and then get a camping permit.

    Amanda, the pictures are just amazing! I’ve never heard about White Sands but would love to go.

      I loved it so much – totally lived up to my expectations!

    Wow this is beautiful, I’ve never heard of this place. Thanks for sharing.

      Glad I could introduce you to it, Stef!

    I’m so impressed with the Wind Sands only by looking at your photos – can’t even imagine how awesome is to actually be there. I’m not sure will I ever have a chance to visit it, since I live on the other part of the Globe, but I would try to remember it if I ever make a big road trip through the States.

      Road tripping through the States is awesome – and White Sands would make a great stop!

    My dad was stationed there when I was really little. I went sledding down sand dunes before I ever even saw snow! I’d love to get back there someday!

      Fun! My friend and I kept commenting about how awesome White Sands must be for kids!

      I just visited this area yesterday and was completely enchanted. It was a beautiful experience and I can’t wait to go back. I, also, had a rain storm come through, but it only made the experience more special for me. The dramatic clouds over this never ending field of white. I definitely wasn’t expecting the sand to be so damp and cool to the touch, I ran around bare foot the entire time and nearly filled up my phone with pictures. Haha! Just as we left, the storm clouds let loose everything they had and dropped a thick sheet of rain over us, then the hail came. It was a bit scary, but luckily the intensity of the storm dropped after a few minutes. For the first time visiting New Mexico, it really put on a show!

        Sounds like a great time, Ruben, even with the storm! White Sands is definitely an enchanting place!

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